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Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry

, Volume 75, Issue 1, pp 71–84 | Cite as

Measurements of atmospheric hydroperoxides at a rural site in central Japan

  • Koichi Watanabe
  • Chinatsu Yachi
  • Xiao Jing Song
  • Saori Kakuyama
  • Miyuki Nishibe
  • Serina Michigami
Article

Abstract

Measurements of hydroperoxides (H2O2 and MHP) at ground level were made from 2012 to 2015 in Imizu City, Toyama Prefecture in central Japan. H2O2 and MHP concentrations ranged from 0.01 to 3.5 ppb and from below the level of detection (< 0.01 ppb) to 1.4 ppb, respectively. The concentrations of H2O2 and MHP were high in the summer and low in the winter. The H2O2 concentration was at its maximum in July and August, whereas the concentration of O3 in the daytime was highest in May and June. The ratio of [H2O2]/[SO2] presented clear seasonal variations. Many cases showed the condition of [H2O2] < [SO2], called oxidant limitation especially in the cold months. Hydroperoxide concentrations in the rainwater were also high in the summer. The concentrations of MHP were much lower than those of H2O2 in the rain water. High concentrations of H2O2 (> 2.5 ppb) were detected in the summer during the inflow of air pollution. The concentrations of H2O2 were significantly high in July and August of 2013. The H2O2 was well correlated with the O3 in July and August whereas there was no correlation between O3 and H2O2 in May and June. There was a negative correlation between NOX and H2O2.

Keywords

Hydrogen peroxide Methyl hydroperoxide Ozone Sulfur dioxide Air pollution 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank N. Ikeda and N. Shioda and the members of Toyama Prefectural University for their support of this study. The authors also give special thanks to the Toyama Prefectural Environmental Science Research Center for providing valuable atmospheric pollution data measured in Imizu City. This work was supported in part by a Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (No. 22310022 and No. 25400469) and the Environment Research and Technology Development Fund (B-1008) of the Ministry of the Environment, Japan.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Koichi Watanabe
    • 1
  • Chinatsu Yachi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiao Jing Song
    • 1
  • Saori Kakuyama
    • 1
  • Miyuki Nishibe
    • 1
  • Serina Michigami
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringToyama Prefectural UniversityToyamaJapan
  2. 2.Earth Consul. Co., Ltd.ToyamaJapan

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