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Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry

, Volume 55, Issue 1, pp 55–79 | Cite as

Evaluation of alkene degradation in the detailed tropospheric chemistry mechanism, MCM v3, using environmental chamber data

  • P. G. Pinho
  • C. A. Pio
  • W. P. L. Carter
  • M. E. Jenkin
Article

Abstract

The representation of alkene degradation in version 3 of the Master Chemical Mechanism (MCM v3) has been evaluated, using environmental chamber data on the photo-oxidation of ethene, propene, 1-butene and 1-hexene in the presence of NOx, from up to five chambers at the Statewide Air Pollution Research Center (SAPRC) at the University of California. As part of this evaluation, it was necessary to include a representation of the reactions of the alkenes with O(3P), which are significant under chamber conditions but generally insignificant under atmospheric conditions. The simulations for the ethene and propene systems, in particular, were found to be sensitive to the branching ratios assigned to molecular and free radical forming pathways of the O(3P) reactions, with the extent of radical formation required for proper fitting of the model to the chamber data being substantially lower than the reported consensus. With this constraint, the MCM v3 mechanisms for ethene and propene generally performed well. The sensitivity of the simulations to the parameters applied to a series of other radical sources and sink reactions (radical formation from the alkene ozonolysis reactions and product carbonyl photolysis; radical removal from the reaction of OH with NO2 and β-hydroxynitrate formation) were also considered, and the implications of these results are discussed. Evaluation of the MCM v3 1-butene and 1-hexene degradation mechanisms, using a more limited dataset from only one chamber, was found to be inconclusive. The results of sensitivity studies demonstrate that it is impossible to reconcile the simulated and observed formation of ozone in these systems for ranges of parameter values which can currently be justified on the basis of the literature. As a result of this work, gaps and uncertainties in the kinetic, mechanistic and chamber database are identified and discussed, in relation to both tropospheric chemistry and chemistry important under chamber conditions which may compromise the evaluation procedure, and recommendations are made for future experimental studies. Throughout the study, the performance of the MCM v3 chemistry was also simultaneously compared with that of the corresponding chemistry in the SAPRC-99 mechanism, which was developed and optimized in conjunction with the chamber datasets.

Keywords

VOC oxidation Alkenes Ethene Propene 1-Butene 1-Hexene Tropospheric chemistry Degradation mechanisms Environmental chamber data Ozone modelling 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. G. Pinho
    • 1
  • C. A. Pio
    • 1
  • W. P. L. Carter
    • 2
  • M. E. Jenkin
    • 3
  1. 1.Departamento de Ambiente e OrdenamentoUniversidade de AveiroAveiroPortugal
  2. 2.Center for Environmental Research and Technology, College of EngineeringUniversity of California RiversideCaliforniaUSA
  3. 3.Centre for Environmental PolicyImperial College LondonBerkshireUK

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