Advertisement

Journal of Oceanography

, Volume 68, Issue 5, pp 651–669 | Cite as

Geochemical investigation of selected elements in coastal and riverine sediments from Ube, Kasado, and Suo-Oshima Bays in the western Seto Inland Sea, Southwest Japan

  • M. Azadur Rahman
  • Hiroaki Ishiga
Original Article

Abstract

This paper presents the geochemical study of sediments along Ube, Suo-Oshima, and Kasado Bays in the Seto Inland Sea of Japan. We examined the distribution and abundances of 13 elements (As, Pb, Zn, Cu, Ni, Cr, Sr, Ca, Fe, Ti, P, Mn, and total S) in 40 coastal and river sediment samples, to evaluate the factors controlling their abundances, possible sources, and environmental implications. Average concentrations of As, Pb, Zn, Cu, Ni, and Cr at Ube were 12, 26, 86, 16, 43, and 92 mg/kg, 6, 25, 31, 8, 9, and 29 mg/kg at Kasado, and 5, 20, 28, 3, 5, and 18 mg/kg at Suo-Oshima, respectively. Average As, Pb, Zn, and Cr concentrations at Ube were comparable or enriched relative to those of the upper continental crust and Japan upper crust, whereas most major elements, Cu, and Ni were depleted at Kasado and Suo-Oshima. Enrichment factor values show low to moderate enrichment of Zn, Ni, and Cr, whereas As and Pb show significant contamination at some sites, suggesting contributions from anthropogenic sources. Anthropogenic contributions of most metals mainly originate from natural processes; however, As and Pb ranges of 73–79 and 66–81 %, respectively, confirm their anthropogenic contribution. Factor analysis and correlation matrices suggest that elevated metal concentrations at Ube, especially in samples located in the river basin, may be controlled by Fe–Mn oxy-hydroxides. Deposition of metals at Kasado and Suo-Oshima might be controlled by non-ferrous metal (i.e., aluminosilicates), sediment grain size, or source rock composition (granite and gneiss).

Keywords

Trace metals Bay sediments Metals source Anthropogenic activities Sediment quality guidelines Enrichment factor Southwest Japan 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Professor Yoshihiro Sawada of Shimane University for access to the XRF facilities and Yuya Shimizu and Erika Sano of Shimane University for their help with sampling. Dr. Barry Roser of Shimane University is acknowledged for critical comments on the manuscript.

References

  1. Abdullah MH, Sidi J, Aris AZ (2007) Heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Cr, Pb and Zn) in Meretrix meretrix roding, water and sediments from estuaries in Sabah, North Borneo. Int J Environ Sci Edu 2(3):69–74Google Scholar
  2. Ahmed F, Bibi MH, Seto K, Ishiga H, Fukushima T, Roser BP (2010) Abundances, distribution, and sources of trace metals in Nakaumi-Honjo coastal lagoon sediments, Japan. Environ Monit Assess 167:473–491. doi: 10.1007/s10661-009-1065-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Amano A, Kuwae M, Agusa T, Omori K, Takeoka H, Tanabe H, Sugimoto T (2011) Spatial distribution and corresponding determining factors of metal concentrations in surface sediments of Beppu Bay, southwest Japan. Mar Environ Res 71:1–10Google Scholar
  4. Anu G, Nair SM, Kumar NC, Jayalakshmi KV, Pamalal D (2009) A baseline study of trace metals in a coral reef sedimentary environment, Lakshadweep Archipelago. Environ Earth Sci. doi: 10.1007/s12665-009-0113-6 Google Scholar
  5. Calace N, Ciardullo S, Petronio BM, Pietrantonio M, Abbondanzi F, Campisi T, Cardellicchio N (2005) Influence of chemical parameters (heavy metals, organic matter, sulphur and nitrogen) on toxicity of sediments from the Mar Piccolo (Taranto, Ionian Sea, Italy). Microchem J 79(1–2):243–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Technical Secretariat of the CCME Task Group on Water Quality Guidelines (2002) Canadian sediment quality guidelines for the protection of aquatic life. CCME (Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment), OttawaGoogle Scholar
  7. Chandrajith RLR, Okumura M, Hashitani H (1995) Human influence on the Hg pollution in Lake Jinzai, Japan. Appl Geochem 10:229–235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chester R, Stoner JH (1973) Pb in particulates from the lower atmosphere of the eastern Atlantic. Nature 245:27–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Das JD, Nolting RF (1993) Distribution of trace metals in sediments and pore waters in the N. W. Mediterranean Sea. NIOZ, EROS-200 Project, p 10Google Scholar
  10. Denton GRW, Wood HR, Concepcion LP, Siegrist HG, Eflin VS, Narcis DK, Pangelinan GT (1997) Analysis of in-place contaminants in marine sediments from four harbor locations on Guam: a pilot study, water and environmental research institute of the western pacific, University of Guam, Mangilao, Guam, Technical report No. 87Google Scholar
  11. EBGMYP (Editorial Board of Geological Map of Yamaguchi Prefecture) (1997) Geological map of Yamaguchi prefecture at 1:200,000. Naigai-Chizu, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  12. Ellison RL, Broome R, Ogilvie R (1986) Foraminiferal response to trace metal contamination in the Patapsco River and Baltimore Harbour, Maryland. Mar Pollut Bull 17(9):419–423. doi: 10.1016/0025-326X(86)90321-8
  13. Enell M, Wennberg L (1991) Distribution of halogenated organic compounds (AOX)—Swedish transport to surrounding sea areas and mass balance studies in five drainage systems. Wat Sci Technol 24:385–395Google Scholar
  14. Ennouri R, Chouba L, Magni P, Kraiem MM (2010) Spatial distribution of trace metals (Cd, Pb, Hg, Cu, Zn, Fe and Mn) and oligo-elements (Mg, Ca, Na and K) in surface sediments of the Gulf of Tunis (Northern Tunisia). Environ Monit Assess 163(1–4):229–239CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fang TH, Li JY, Feng HM, Chen HY (2009) Distribution and contamination of trace metals in surface sediments of the East China Sea. Mar Environ Res 68:178–187Google Scholar
  16. Fernando M, Pinedo JL, Davilla JI, Oliva JE, Speakman RJ, Glascock MD (2011) Assessing sediment pollution from the Julian Adame-Alatorre dam by instrumental neutron activation analysis. Microchem J 99(1):20–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Forstner U (1989) Contaminated sediments: lectures on environmental aspects of particle-associated chemicals in aquatic systems (Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences, 21). Springer, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  18. Fowler VM (1990) Tropomodulin. A cytoskeletal protein that binds to the end of erythrocyte tropomyosin and inhibits tropomyosin binding to actin. J Cell Biol 111:471–482CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Fukue M, Nakamura T, Kato Y, Yamasaki S (1999) Degree of pollution for marine sediments. Eng Geol 53:31–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Galasso JL, Siegel FR, Kravitz JH (2000) Heavy metals in eight 1965 cores from the Novaya Zemlya Trough, Kara Sea, Russian Arctic. Mar Pollut Bull 40(10):839–852. doi: 10.1016/S0025-326X(00)00080-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Gribble GW (1994) The natural production of chlorinated compounds. Environ Sci Technol 28:310A–319AGoogle Scholar
  22. Guerra-Garcia JM, Garcia-Gomez JC (2005) Assessing pollution levels in sediments of a harbor with two opposing entrances. Environmental implications. J Environ Manag 77:1–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hidetaka T (2002) Progress in Seto Inland sea research. J Oceanogr 58(1):93–107CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hirata S (1985) Phosphorus and metals bound to organic matter in coastal sediments—an investigation of complexes of P, Cu, Zn, Fe, Mn, Ni, Co and Ti by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry with sephadex gel chromatography. Mar Chem 16:23–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hissler C, Probst JL (2005) Impact of mercury atmospheric deposition on soils and streams in a mountainous catchment (Vosges, France) polluted by chlor-alkali industrial activity: the important trapping role of the organic matter. Sci Total Environ 361(1–3):163–178Google Scholar
  26. Hoshika A, Shiozawa T (1984a) Sedimentation rates and heavy metal pollution of sediments in the Seto Inland. Sea, Part 2. Hiroshima Bay. J Oceanogr Soc Japan 40:115–123CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Hoshika A, Shiozawa T (1984b) Sedimentation rates and heavy metal pollution of sediments in the Seto Inland Sea, Part 3. Hiuchi-Nada. J Oceanogr Soc Japan 40:334–342CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hoshika A, Shiozawa T (1985) Sedimentation rates and heavy metal pollution of sediments in the Seto Inland Sea, Part 4. Suho-Nada. J Oceanogr Soc Japan 41:283–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Hoshika A, Shiozawa T, Matsumoto E (1983) Sedimentation rates and heavy metal pollution in sediments in Harima-Nada (Harima Sound), Seto Inland Sea. J Oceanogr Soc Jpn 39:51–56Google Scholar
  30. Hosono T, Su C, Okamura K, Taniguchi M (2010) Historical record of heavy metal pollution deduced by lead isotope ratios in core sediments from the Osaka Bay, Japan. J Geochem Explor 107:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ishiga H, Mihara A, Sampei Y (2000) Environmental geology of Lake Jaike, Koryo-cho, Shimane Prefecture, Japan. Geosci Rep Shimane Univ Japan 19:47–55Google Scholar
  32. Jones DS, Suter II GW, Hull RN (1997) Toxicological benchmarks for screening potential contaminants of concern for effects on sediment-associated biota: 1997 revision. ES/ER/TM-95/R4, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TennGoogle Scholar
  33. Leach JM, Howard TE, Lanz HE (1985) Chlorinated organics in shellfish from coastal waters. Pulp Paper Can 86(12):T398–T401Google Scholar
  34. Lee CW, Min BY (1990) Pollution in Masan Bay, a matter of concern in South Korea. Mar Pollut Bull 21:226–229Google Scholar
  35. Legret M, Pagotto C (1999) Evaluation of pollutant loadings in the runoff waters from a major rural highway. Sci Total Environ 235(1–3):143–150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Loring DH (1991) Normalisation of heavy metal data from estuarine and coastal sediments. ICES J Mar Sci 48(1):101–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Loring DH, Rantala RTT (1990) Sediments and suspended particulate matter: total and partial methods of digestion. ICES Tech Mar Environ Sci 9(14):1–14Google Scholar
  38. Luoma SN (1990) Processes affecting metal concentrations in estuarine and coastal marine sediments. In: Furness R, Rainbow P (eds) Heavy metals in marine environment. CRC, Boca Raton, pp 51–66Google Scholar
  39. Matsumoto E, Yokota S (1978) Accumulation rate and heavy metal pollution in Osaka Bay sediments. J Oceanogr Soc Japan 34:108–115 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  40. Matthai C, Birch GF, Bickford GP (2002) Anthropogenic trace metals in sediment and settling particulate matter on a high energy continental shelf (Sydney, Australia). Mar Environ Res 54(2):99–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. McConchie DM, Mann AW, Lintern MJ, Longman D, Talbot V, Gabelish AJ, Gabelish MJ (1988) Heavy metals in marine biota, sediments, and waters from the Shark Bay area, Western Australia. J Coastal Res 4(1):51–72Google Scholar
  42. McLennan SM, Hemming S, McDaniel DK, Hanson GN (1993) Geochemical approaches to sedimentation, provenance and tectonics. In: Johnson MJ, Basu A (eds) Processes controlling the composition of clastic sediments. Geo Soc Am Spec Paper, USA, pp 21–40Google Scholar
  43. Milenkovic M, Damjanovic M, Ristic M (2005) Study of heavy metal pollution in sediments from the Iron Gate (Danube River), Serbia and Montenegro. Pol J Environ Stud 14(6):781–787Google Scholar
  44. N’guessan YM, Probst JL, Bur T, Probst A (2009) Enrichment and origin of trace elements in stream bed sediments from agricultural catchments (Gascogneregion, S-W France). Sci Total Environ. doi: 10.1016/JSCITOTENV.2008.12.047 Google Scholar
  45. Nagaoka C, Yamamoto Y, Eguchi S, Miyazaki N (2004) Relationship between distribution of heavy metals and sedimental condition in the sediment of Osaka Bay. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 70(2):157–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Nirmal Kumar JI, Soni H, Kumar RN (2007) Evalution of biomonitoring approach to study lake contamination by accumulation of trace elements in selected aquatic macrophytes: a case study of Kanewal Community Reserve, Gujarat, India. Appl Eco Environ Res 6(1):65–76Google Scholar
  47. Nouri J, Mahvi AH, Jahed GR, Babaei AA (2008) Regional distribution pattern of groundwater heavy metals resulting from agricultural activities. Environ Geol 55(6):1337–1343Google Scholar
  48. Ogasawara M (1987) Trace element analysis of rock samples by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry, using Rh anode tube. Bull Geol Sur Jpn 38(2):57–68Google Scholar
  49. Ohta A, Imai N, Terashima S, Tachibana Y, Ikehara K, Okai T, Ujiie-Mikoshiba M, Kubota R (2007) Elemental distribution of coastal sea and stream sediments in the island-arc region of Japan and mass transfer processes from terrestrial to marine environments. Appl Geochem 22:2872–2891CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Persaud D, Jaagumagi A, Hayton A (1993) Guidelines for the protection and management of aquatic sediment quality in Ontario. Ontario Ministry of the Environment. Queen’s Printer of Ontario. http://www.ene.gov.on.ca/envision/gp/B1-3.pdf
  51. Phillips DJH, Richardson BJ, Murray AP, Fabris JG (1992) Trace metals, organochlorines and hydrocarbons in Port Phillip Bay, Victoria: a historical review. Mar Pollut Bull 25:5–8Google Scholar
  52. Potts PJ, Tindle AG, Webb PC (1992) Geochemical reference material compositions. Whittles, CaithnessGoogle Scholar
  53. Praveena SM, Abdullah MH, Aris AZ (2010) Modeling for equitable groundwater management. Intern J Environ Res 4(3):415–426Google Scholar
  54. Prudente MS, Ichihashi H, Tatsukawa R (1988) Heavy metal concentrations in sediments from Manila Bay, Philippines and inflowing rivers. Environ Pollut 86:83–88Google Scholar
  55. Rahman MA, Ishiga H (2011) Trace metal concentrations in tidal flat coastal sediments, Yamaguchi Prefecture, southwest Japan. Environ Monit Assess. doi: 10.1007/s10661-011-2379-x Google Scholar
  56. Rezaee K, Abdi MR, Saion EB, Naghavi K, Shafaei MA (2011) Distribution of trace elements in the marine sediments along the South China Sea, Malaysia. J Radio Anal Nucl Chem 287(3):733–740. doi: 10.1007/s10967-010-0950-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Roser BP, Korsch RJ (1999) Geochemical characterisation, evolution and source of a Mesozoic accretionary wedge: the Torlesse terrane, New Zealand. Geol Manag 136:493–512CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Roussiez V, Aloisi JC, Monaco A, Ludwig W (2005) Early muddy deposits along the Gulf of Lions shoreline: a key for a better understanding of land-to-sea transfer of sediments and associated pollutant fluxes. Mar Geol 222–223:345–358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Rubio B, Nombela MA, Vilas F (2000) Geochemistry of major and trace elements in sediments of the Ria de Vigo (NW Spain): an assessment of metal pollution. Mar Pollut Bull 40(11):968–980CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Sakata M, Tani Y, Takagi T (2008) Wet and dry deposition fluxes of trace elements in Tokyo Bay. Atmos Environ 42:591–5922CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Salomons W, Forstner U (1984) Metals in the hydrocycle. Springer, BerlinCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Sampei Y, Matsumoto E, Tokuoka T, Inoue D (1997) Changes in accumulation rate of organic carbon during the last 8,000 years in sediments of Nakaumi Lagoon, Japan. Mar Chem 58:39–50. doi: 10.1016/S0304-4203(97)00024-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Santos IR, Silva-Filho EV, Schaefer CEGR, Albuquerque-Filho MR, Campos LS (2005) Heavy metal contamination in coastal sediments and soils near the Brazilian Antarctic Station, King George Island. Mar Pollut Bull 50(2):185–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Schwertmann U, Taylor RM (1989) Iron oxides. In: Dixon JB, Weed SB (eds) Minerals in soil environments, vol 1. Soil Sci Soc of America, pp 379–438Google Scholar
  65. Shimizu J, Noguchi K, Miura Y, Tomohisa T (2008) Temporal trends of the concentrations of pollutants in the surface sediments from the major bays of Japan. Report Hydrogr Oceanogr Res 44(3)Google Scholar
  66. Sorme L, Lagerkvist R (2002) Sources of heavy metals in urban wastewater in Stockholm. Sci Total Environ 298:131–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Stoeppler M (1991) Cadmium. In: Merian E (ed) Metals and their compounds in the environment: occurrence, analyses and biological relevance. VCH, New York, pp 803–851Google Scholar
  68. Sutherland R (2000) Bed sediment-associated trace metals in an urban stream, Oahu, Hawaii. Environ Geol 39:611–627Google Scholar
  69. Tam NFY, Yao MWY (1998) Normalization and heavy metal contamination in mangrove sediments. Sci Total Environ 216:33–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Tatasukawa R, Kurokawa A (1990) Distribution of heavy metals in soils of Vellar River Estuary, South India. In: Proc Ann Symp Soc Environ Sci, Jpn TokyoGoogle Scholar
  71. Tatsumoto H, Ishii Y, Machida M, Aikawa M, Fujimura Y, Yabe T, Taki K (2004) Characteristics of concentration and composition of heavy metals in seawater, sediment and macroalgae, Ulva sp., in Yatsu tidal flat in Tokyo Bay, Japan. Jpn J Water Treatment Biol 40(4):125–135Google Scholar
  72. Taylor SR, McLennan SM (1985) The continental crust: its composition and evolution. Blackwell, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  73. Terashima S, Imai N, Tachibana Y, Okai T, Mikoshiba M, Ohta A, Kubota R (2007) Chemical composition and background evaluation of soils and stream sediments from Kanto district, and marine sediments from Tokyo Bay. Bull Geol Surv Japan 58(3/4):69–91 (in Japanese, abstract in English)Google Scholar
  74. Tessier A, Carignan R, Belzile N (1994) Processes occurring at the sediment–water interface: emphasis on trace elements. In: Buffle J, DeVitre RR (eds) Chemical and biological regulation of aquatic system. Lewis, Boca Raton, pp 137–173Google Scholar
  75. Togashi S, Imai N, Okuyama-Kusunose Y, Tanaka T, Okai T, Koma T, Murata Y, (2000) Young upper crustal chemical composition of the orogenic Japan Arc. Geochem Geophys Geosyst 1 (paper number 2000GC000083)Google Scholar
  76. Tokalioglu S, Kartal S, Elci L (2000) Determination of heavy metals and their speciation in lake sediments by flame atomic absorption spectrometry after a four-stage sequential extraction procedure. Anal Chim Acta 413:33–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Tribovillard NP, Desprairies A, Verges EL, Bertrand P, Moureau N (1994) Geochemical study of organic matter rich cycles from the Kimmeridge Clay Formation of Yorkshire (UK): productivity versus anoxia. Palaeogeo Palaeoclim Palaeoeco 108:165–181CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Urase T, Nadoka K, Yagi H, Iwasa T, Suzuki Y, Siringan F, Garcia TP, Thao TT (2006) Effect of urban emission on the horizontal distribution of metal concentration in sediments in the vicinity of Asian large cities. J Water Environ Technol 4(1):61–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. US EPA (1999) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Screening level ecological risk assessment protocol for hazardous waste combustion facilities. vol 3, Appendix E: Toxicity reference values, EPA530-D99-001C. http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/hazwaste/combust/eco-risk/voume3/appx-e.pdf
  80. Windom HL, Schropp SJ, Calder FD, Ryan JD, Smith RG Jr, Burney LC, Lewis FG, Rawlin-Son H (1989) Natural trace metal concentrations in estuarine and coastal marine sediments of the southeastern United States. Environ Sci Technol 23:314–320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Yang H, Rose N (2005) Trace element pollution records in some UK lake sediments, their history, influence, influence factors and regional differences. Environ Intern 31:63–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Yanguo T, Shijun N, Xianguo T, Chengjiang Z, Yuxiao M (2002) Geochemical baseline and trace metal pollution of soil in Panzhihua mining area. Chin J Geochem 21(3)Google Scholar
  83. Ye C (1991) Pollution and protection of Bohai Bay. Mar Pollut Bull 23:15–18Google Scholar
  84. Young E (2007) Can ‘fertilizing’ the ocean combat climate change? Companies are planning to boost the ocean’s plankton, hoping they will harvest more CO2 from the air. But will it work? New Sci 15:42–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Zenglu X, Li S, Li T (1987) Soil element background and study method [M]. Meteor Press, Beijing, pp 92–94 (in Chinese with English abstract)Google Scholar
  86. Zhang J, Huang WW, Martin JM (1988) Trace metals distribution in Huanghe (Yellow River) estuarine sediments. Estuar Coast Shelf Sci 26:499–516Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Oceanographic Society of Japan and Springer 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geoscience, Graduate School of Science and EngineeringShimane UniversityMatsueJapan

Personalised recommendations