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Journal of Chemical Crystallography

, Volume 42, Issue 8, pp 794–802 | Cite as

Acetate Bridged Trinuclear Zn, Ca and Mg Metal Complexes with 2- and 4-Substituted Pyridines

  • Carolina Escobedo-Martínez
  • M. Concepción Lozada
  • Dino Gnecco
  • Raúl G. Enriquez
  • Manuel Soriano-García
  • William F. Reynolds
Original Paper

Abstract

The structures of the complexes [Zn2(C5H6N2)2(C2H3O2)6Ca], compound 1; [Zn(C7H10N2)2Cl2] compound 2; and [Zn2(C5H6N2)2(C2H3O2)6Mg] compound 3 were established by spectral and X-ray diffraction studies. These complexes form part of the project of design and synthesis of new alkaline-earth metal complexes with multiple applications in the fields of catalysis, material science and biochemistry. Compound 1 crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21/c with unit cell parameters a = 11.6918(11), b = 8.2850(8), c = 15.3472(15) Å, β = 96.4140(10)°, Z = 2. Compound 2 crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pccn with unit cell parameters a = 13.6485(13), b = 14.2962(14), c = 18.2459(18) Å, Z = 8. Compound 3 crystallizes in the monoclinic space group P21/c with unit cell parameters a = 7.5531(8), b = 22.905(3), c = 8.7137(9) Å, Z = 2. All three structures (13) were solved by direct methods and refined to R = 0.0257, 0.0346 and 0.0244, respectively. For compound 1 crystallizes with the Ca2+ ion coincident with crystallographic centre of symmetry forming a dimer. The Ca2+ ion is six-fold coordinated by three acetate ligands. The Ca polyhedron may be described as a distorted tricapped trigonal prism. The Zn2+ ion is four-fold coordinated by three O atoms from three acetate groups (atoms O2, O4 and O5) and an N atom from the 2-aminopyridine moiety. The Zn polyhedral may be described as a distorted tetrahedral coordination. Compound 2 crystallizes as a crystallographic C2-symmetric complex, in which each Zn2+ ion is bound to two 4-dimethylaminopyridine units, and two Cl−1 ions. The tetracoordinated Zn atoms adopt a distorted tetrahedral geometry. Compound 3 crystallizes with the Mg2+ ion coincident with crystallographic centre of symmetry forming a dimer. The Mg2+ ion is octahedrally coordinated by six O atoms from three acetate groups. The Zn2+ ions are in a tetrahedral geometry. In the crystal structures 1 and 3, the molecules are stabilized by N–H······O; C–H······O interactions. However in the crystal structure 2, the molecules are stabilized by C–H·····Cl interactions.

Graphical Abstract

The crystal structures of three new acetate bridged trinuclear metal complexes with 2- and 4-substituted aminopyridines and their conformation were obtained by X-ray diffraction techniques from suitable single crystals. These complexes form part of the project for design and synthesis of new alkaline-earth metal complexes with multiple applications in the fields of catalysis, material science and biochemistry.

Keywords

Trinuclear complex Zn-Ca(II) complex Zn-Mg(II) complex Zn(II) complex 2-Aminopyridine 4-Dimethylaminopyridine X-ray structure 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to Simón Hernández-Ortega,1and Rubén A. Toscano,1for all X Rays determinations. C. E. M. is grateful to CONACyT for a postdoctoral fellowship. R. G. E. is grateful to DGAPA, UNAM for financial support; thanks are due to Rocío Patiño for the recording of IR spectra; Rubén Gaviño, Hector Ríos and Isabel Chávez for recording all NMR spectra; Javier Flores and Luis Velasco for recording the mass spectra.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carolina Escobedo-Martínez
    • 1
  • M. Concepción Lozada
    • 2
  • Dino Gnecco
    • 3
  • Raúl G. Enriquez
    • 1
  • Manuel Soriano-García
    • 1
  • William F. Reynolds
    • 4
  1. 1.Instituto de QuímicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Circuito Exterior, Ciudad UniversitariaCoyoacan, MéxicoMéxico
  2. 2.Departamento de Sistemas BiológicosUAM-XochimilcoCoyoacanMexico
  3. 3.Centro de QuímicaInstituto de Ciencias, BUAP, edificio 194, Ciudad UniversitariaPuebla PueMéxico
  4. 4.Department of ChemistryUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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