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Journal of Biological Physics

, Volume 34, Issue 3–4, pp 405–412 | Cite as

Nonlinear Dynamical Analysis of the Interdependence Between Central and Autonomic Nervous Systems in Neonates During Sleep

  • E. Pereda
  • J. J. González
Original Paper

Abstract

We present in this paper the results of a study of the interdependence between signal characteristic of the central nervous system (electroencephalography) and the autonomic nervous system (heart rate and respiration) in human neonates during sleep. By using methods from nonlinear dynamical systems theory, we show that there exist significant differences in this interdependence with the sleep stage and the electrodes considered. This paves the way for the application of this methodology in clinical practice to study pathologies where this interdependence is altered, such as the sudden infant death syndrome.

Keywords

Nonlinear interdependence analysis Generalized synchronization Sudden infant death syndrome Sleep Neonates 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The data used in this research were provided by the CHIME group funded by NICHD grant # 2U10HD2906709A1. The authors acknowledge the financial support of the grants FIS 05/2166 (I. S. Carlos III), HU2005-0008 of the MEC and PI 042005/005 of the Canary Government.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Electrical Engineering and Bioengineering group, Department of Basic PhysicsUniversity of La LagunaTenerifeSpain
  2. 2.Institute of Biomedical Engineering (ITB)University of La LagunaTenerifeSpain
  3. 3.Laboratory of Biophysics, Department of PhysiologyUniversity of La LagunaTenerifeSpain
  4. 4.Department of Basic PhysicsUniversity of La LagunaTenerifeSpain

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