Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 142–149 | Cite as

Health risk behaviors in relation to making a smoking quit attempt among adolescents

  • Ana M. Abrantes
  • Christina S. Lee
  • Laura MacPherson
  • David R. Strong
  • Belinda Borrelli
  • Richard A. Brown


The primary aim of this study was to examine youth risk behaviors in relation to: (a) making a smoking quit attempt, and (b) successful cessation among adolescent smokers. Data were analyzed from the public use dataset of the 2003 national school-based Youth Risk Behavior Survey. The sample consisted of 2,033 students (weighted mean age of 16.3 years, 49.8% female, 73.6% White) who reported a history of daily smoking. While almost two-thirds (63.5%) of adolescent smokers reported making a quit attempt in the last year, only 10% of those were able to successfully quit. Factors associated with making a quit attempt included depression and participating in sports while high-risk sexual activity and engaging in substance use other than alcohol or marijuana were negatively related to making a quit attempt. Externalizing health behaviors (e.g., fighting, drug use, and high risk sexual activity) were associated with decreased likelihood of cessation. Findings from this study may inform efforts to develop more effective smoking prevention and treatment programs for youth.


Smoking cessation Quit attempts Health risk behaviors Adolescents 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ana M. Abrantes
    • 1
    • 2
  • Christina S. Lee
    • 3
  • Laura MacPherson
    • 4
  • David R. Strong
    • 1
    • 2
  • Belinda Borrelli
    • 2
    • 5
  • Richard A. Brown
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Addictions Research, Butler HospitalProvidenceUSA
  2. 2.Brown Medical SchoolProvidenceUSA
  3. 3.Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Brown UniversityProvidenceUSA
  4. 4.University of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  5. 5.The Miriam HospitalProvidenceUSA

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