Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes

, Volume 47, Issue 5, pp 369–372 | Cite as

Cellular bioenergetics of guanidinoacetic acid: the role of mitochondria



Guanidinoacetic acid (GAA) is a natural precursor of creatine, and a possible substrate for the creatine kinase (CK) enzyme system, serving as a creatine mimetic. Its direct role in cellular bioenergetics has been confirmed in several studies, however GAA utilization by CK seems to be a second-rate as compared to creatine, and compartment-dependent. Here we discuss various factors that might affect GAA use in high-energy phosphoryl transfer in the cytosol and mitochondria.


Creatine kinase Guanidinoacetic acid Creatine Mitochondria Bioenergetics 



This work was supported by the Serbian Ministry of Science (Grant No. 175037).

Conflict of interest

The author declares no conflicts of interest related to this work.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biomedical Sciences Department, Faculty of Sport and PEUniversity of Novi SadNovi SadSerbia

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