Interactions Between Vacuolar H+-ATPases and Microfilaments in Osteoclasts
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Vacuolar H+-ATPases (V-ATPases) are transported from cytosolic compartments to the ruffled plasma membrane of osteoclasts as they activate to resorb bone. Transport of V-ATPases is essential for bone resorption, and is associated with binding interactions between V-ATPases and microfilaments that are mediated by an actin-binding site in subunit B. This site is contained within 44 amino acids in the amino terminal domain, and requires a sequence motif that resembles an actin-binding motif found in mammalian profilin 1. Small alterations in the profilin-like sequence disrupt the actin-binding activity of subunit B. The interaction between V-ATPases and microfilaments in osteoclasts is regulated in response to changes in phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase activity. During internalization of V-ATPases from the plasma membrane of osteoclasts after a cycle of resorption, V-ATPases bind microfilaments that are in podosomes, dynamic actin-based structures, also present in metastatic cancer cells. Studies are ongoing to establish the physiological role of the microfilament-binding activity of subunit B in osteoclasts and in other cells.
Key WordsV-ATPase actin bone ruffled membranes membrane trafficking phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase actin-related protein 2/3 complex PI 3-kinase cortactin
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