An Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Affective Control Scale in an Undergraduate Sample

  • Stephen E. Melka
  • Steven L. Lancaster
  • Andrew R. Bryant
  • Benjamin F. Rodriguez
  • Rebecca Weston


A considerable amount of clinical research interest has recently developed regarding emotion dysregulation and psychopathology. Many have suggested that distinct affective management deficits may characterize anxiety and mood pathology. Despite increased research attention, efforts to validate and sufficiently investigate the psychometric properties of many self-report measures of affect regulation have been lacking. The current study examined the response behavior of 1566 undergraduate participants who completed the Affective Control Scale (ACS). The ACS assesses fear of intense emotion, and it is frequently used in empirical research. The present investigation examined the structural qualities of the measure using exploratory and confirmatory factor analytic techniques. Findings suggest the original four rationally-derived subscales do not adequately fit the observed response patterns. Rather, results indicated that a five-factor solution that included a subscale measuring emotion mismanagement better represented response behavior. Additional normative data and bivariate correlations with other measures of emotion regulation and affect are presented.


Anxiety Emotion regulation Factor analysis Affect Psychometrics 



Portions of these data were presented at the 2008 Annual Meeting of the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies, Orlando, FL. Stephen E. Melka is now at the Clement J. Zablocki Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Milwaukee, WI. Steven L. Lancaster is now with the Department of Psychology at Drake University, Des Moines, IA.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephen E. Melka
    • 1
  • Steven L. Lancaster
    • 1
  • Andrew R. Bryant
    • 1
  • Benjamin F. Rodriguez
    • 1
  • Rebecca Weston
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologySouthern Illinois UniversityCarbondaleUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Texas at San AntonioSan AntonioUSA

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