Journal of Biomolecular NMR

, Volume 44, Issue 3, pp 157–166 | Cite as

Two-point anchoring of a lanthanide-binding peptide to a target protein enhances the paramagnetic anisotropic effect

  • Tomohide Saio
  • Kenji Ogura
  • Masashi Yokochi
  • Yoshihiro Kobashigawa
  • Fuyuhiko Inagaki


Paramagnetic lanthanide ions fixed in a protein frame induce several paramagnetic effects such as pseudo-contact shifts and residual dipolar couplings. These effects provide long-range distance and angular information for proteins and, therefore, are valuable in protein structural analysis. However, until recently this approach had been restricted to metal-binding proteins, but now it has become applicable to non-metalloproteins through the use of a lanthanide-binding tag. Here we report a lanthanide-binding peptide tag anchored via two points to the target proteins. Compared to conventional single-point attached tags, the two-point linked tag provides two to threefold stronger anisotropic effects. Though there is slight residual mobility of the lanthanide-binding tag, the present tag provides a higher anisotropic paramagnetic effect.


Lanthanide binding peptide tag Two-point anchoring Paramagnetic NMR Pseudo-contact shift Residual dipolar coupling 

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomohide Saio
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kenji Ogura
    • 2
  • Masashi Yokochi
    • 2
  • Yoshihiro Kobashigawa
    • 2
  • Fuyuhiko Inagaki
    • 2
  1. 1.Graduate School of Life ScienceHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  2. 2.Laboratory of Structural Biology, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical SciencesHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

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