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Cytocompatibility testing of cyclodextrin-functionalized antimicrobial textiles—a comprehensive approach

  • Kirsten Reddersen
  • Susanne Finger
  • Michael Zieger
  • Cornelia Wiegand
  • Hans-Jürgen Buschmann
  • Peter Elsner
  • Uta-Christina Hipler
Biocompatibility Studies Original Research
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Biocompatibility Studies

Abstract

Functionalized textiles can be used in wound management to reduce the microbial burden in the wound area, to prevent wound infections, and to avoid cross-contamination between patients. In the present study, a comprehensive in vitro approach to enable the assessment of antibacterial activity of functionalized textiles and cytotoxicity of cyclodextrin (CD)-complexes with chlorhexidine diacetate (CHX), iodine (IOD), and polihexanide (PHMB) is suggested to evaluate their properties for supporting optimal conditions for wound healing. For all β-CD-antiseptic functionalized cotton samples a strong antibacterial effect on the Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis as well as on the Gram-negative bacteria Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli was proven. In addition, β-CD-CHX and β-CD-PHMB were effective against the yeast Candida albicans. The growth of Pseudomonas aeruginosa could be reduced significantly by β-CD-IOD and β-CD-PHMB. The established comprehensive testing system for determination of biocompatibility on human HaCaT keratinocytes is suitable for obtaining robust data on cell viability, cytotoxicity and mode of cell death of the β-CD-antiseptic-complexes. The promising results of the high antimicrobial activity of these functionalized textiles show the high potential of such materials in medical applications.

Keywords

HaCaT Cell High Antimicrobial Activity HaCaT Keratinocytes Japanese Industrial Standard Untreated Cotton 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to acknowledge support of this work by 15997BG grant from Arbeitsgemeinschaft Industrieller Forschungsvereinigungen (AIF).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of DermatologyUniversity Hospital JenaJenaGermany
  2. 2.Deutsches Textilforschungszentrum Nord-West e.V. KrefeldKrefeldGermany

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