Osseointegration of bioactive microarc oxidized amorphous phase/TiO2 nanocrystals composited coatings on titanium after implantation into rabbit tibia
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The amorphous phase/TiO2 nanocrystals (APTN) composited coatings were prepared on Ti implants for biomedical applications. The Ti implants without and with the APTN composited coatings both do not cause any adverse effects after implantation into the rabbit tibia. The osseointegration of Ti implants after covering the APTN coatings is improved pronouncedly, greatly increasing the interface bonding strength between the implants and newly formed bones. In addition, it is interesting that the newly formed bone tissues appear in the micro-pores of the APTN coatings, promoting the interface bonding between the implants and new bones by the mechanical interlock. Moreover, the Ti implant with the APTN coatings formed at higher applied voltage exhibit higher shear strength and displacement during the pushing out experiment probably due to its better osseointegration.
KeywordsShear Strength Bone Tissue Simulated Body Fluid Interface Bonding Bioactive Glass
This work was financially supported by National Basic Science Research Program (2012CB933900), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51002039 and 51021002), Fund for the Doctoral Project to new teachers, the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. HIT.NSRIF.2014002).
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