Properties of anti-washout-type calcium silicate bone cements containing gelatin
Novel washout-resistant bone substitute materials consisting of gelatin-containing calcium silicate cements (CSCs) were developed. The washout resistance, setting time, diametral tensile strength (DTS), morphology, and phase composition of the hybrid cements were evaluated. The results indicated that the dominant phase of β-Ca2SiO4 for the SiO2–CaO powders increased with an increase in the CaO content of the sols. After mixing with water, the setting times of the CSCs ranged from 10 to 29 min, increasing with a decrease in the amount of CaO in the sols. Addition of gelatin into the CSC significantly prolonged (P < 0.05) the setting time by about 2 and 8 times, respectively, for 5% and 10% gelatin. However, the presence of gelatin appreciably improved the anti-washout and brittle properties of the cements without adversely affecting mechanical strength. It was concluded that 5% gelatin-containing CSC may be useful as bioactive bone repair materials.
KeywordsGelatin Simulated Body Fluid Calcium Silicate Mineral Trioxide Aggregate Cement Specimen
The authors acknowledge with appreciation the support of this research by the National Science Council of the Republic of China under the grant No. NSC 97-2320-B-040-001-MY2.
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