Effect of the Ca/P ratio on the dielectric properties of nanoscaled substoichiometric hydroxyapatite
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Nanoscaled hydroxyapatite (n-HAp) was prepared by a wet chemical precipitation method, pressed to pellets and sintered at various temperatures between 900 and 1200°C. With input stoichiometries of Ca/P ratios between 1.4 and 2.0, compositions in the substoichiometric range of Ca/P between 1.45(1) and 1.62(3) were determined after preparation. After sintering, final values of the Ca/P ratio between 1.45(8) and 1.66(4) were found. Capacitances and dielectric losses were determined in the frequency range between 20 Hz and 1 MHz and dielectric constants calculated from the capacitances. Dependencies of the dielectric properties on the composition, as well as on sintering temperature and frequencies were investigated. The dielectric constants generally tend to increase with increasing Ca-content. Different behaviour was observed for low frequencies (below 103 Hz) and for compositions far from the stoichiometric point of hydroxyapatite (Ca/P: 1.67). Comparable results were found for dielectric losses.
KeywordsDielectric Constant Hydroxyapatite Dielectric Property Dielectric Loss Sinter Temperature
For the ICP/AES measurements we are indebted to Dr. C. Fink-Straube and A. Jung. XRD measurements were performed by R. Karos. In addition M. Quilitz and K. Steingröver acknowledge helpful discussions with M. Sauer. Finally, we thank C. Hartmann for continuously supporting us in the process of publication.
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