Characterization of alkali-treated collagen gels prepared by different crosslinkers
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We have developed a naturally-derived crosslinker named malic acid derivative (MAD). In the present study, we prepared alkali-treated collagen (AlCol) gels with different crosslinkers including MAD and commercially available crosslinkers such as 1-ethyl-3-(3(′-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC) and glutaraldehyde (GA). There are named as AlCol-MAD, AlCol-EDC, and AlCol-GA. We then compared their physicochemical properties. The residual amino groups in AlCol-MAD were not detected at MAD concentrations higher than 30 mM. On the other hand, the residual amino groups in AlCol-EDC and AlCol-GA were detected at crosslinker concentrations of 30 mM. The swelling ratios of AlCol-MAD, AlCol-EDC, and AlCol-GA decreased with increasing crosslinker concentration. Enzymatic degradation rate of AlCol-GA was slower than that of AlCol-MAD and AlCol-EDC. The cytotoxicity of MAD was clearly lower than that of EDC and GA. The number of adhered L929 on AlCol-MAD was higher than on AlCol-EDC and AlCol-GA after incubation for 1 day. After the culture for 3 and 7 days, excellent growth of L929 was observed on AlCol-MAD. These results suggested that MAD was excellent crosslinker for the reactivity with amino groups and cytocompatibility. Therefore, the resulting AlCol-MAD has potential for various biomedical applications like tissue engineering scaffolds and carrier for drug delivery systems.
KeywordsEnzymatic Degradation Crosslinking Density Tissue Engineering Scaffold L929 Fibroblast Crosslinker Concentration
This work was financially supported in part by Innovative Technology Research Grant from Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Japan, and the Coordination Found for Prompting Science and Technology for Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), Japan (Development of artificial organs utilizing with Nanotechnology and materials science) and Industrial Technology Research Grant Program in ‘04 from New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) of Japan.
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