Hysteresis of a biomaterial: Influence of sutures and biological adhesives

  • J. M. García Páez
  • A. Carrera
  • E. Jorge
  • I. Millán
  • A. Cordón
  • A. Rocha
  • M. Maestro
  • J. L. Castillo-Olivares


We studied the changes in energy consumption of samples of calf pericardium, when joined or not joined by sutures and adhesives, by means of hysteretic cycles. Sixty-four samples were subsequently subjected to tensile stress until rupture. An overlapping suture sewn in the form of a rectangle presented an acceptable mean resistance to rupture of over 10 MPa, although lower than the mean values in an unsutured control series where the mean resistance surpassed 15 MPa. The contribution of an acrylic adhesive to the resistance to rupture was negligible. The sutured samples that were reinforced with adhesives and had not been subjected to hysteretic cycles prior to rupture showed an anisotropic behavior. This behavior appeared to be lost in all the samples that underwent hysteretic cycles. We found an inflection point in the stress/strain curve following the stepwise increase in the load, with a value greater than and proximate to the final load applied. This inflection should be analyzed by means of microscopy. Finally, the mathematical relationship between the energy consumed and the stress applied, the strain or deformation produced and the number of cycles of hysteresis to which the samples were subjected was established as the ultimate objective of this study. The bonding systems provoked a greater consumption of energy, with the greatest consumption corresponding to the first cycle in all the series assayed. An equation relating the energy consumption in a sample to the number of hysteretic cycles to which it was subjected was obtained. Its asymptote on the x-axis indicates the energy consumption for a theoretical number of cycles, making it possible to estimate the durability of the sample.


Valve Leaflet Longitudinal Control Acrylic Adhesive Heart Valve Leaflet Hysteretic Cycle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors wish to thank Ms. M. Messman for her translation of the text. This work was financed by grant no. MAT 2000/0292 from the Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología, Spain.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. M. García Páez
    • 1
  • A. Carrera
    • 2
  • E. Jorge
    • 1
  • I. Millán
    • 3
  • A. Cordón
    • 2
  • A. Rocha
    • 1
  • M. Maestro
    • 1
  • J. L. Castillo-Olivares
    • 1
  1. 1.Servicio de Cirugía ExperimentalClínica Puerta de HierroMadridSpain
  2. 2.Departamento de Mecánica Estructural y Resistencia de MaterialesEscuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros IndustrialesMadridSpain
  3. 3.Servicio de BioestadísticaClínica Puerta de HierroMadridSpain

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