Microstructural analysis of implant-bone interface of hydroxyapatite-coated and uncoated Schanz screws

  • M. Cimerman
  • A. Cör
  • M. Čveh
  • A. Kristan
  • J. Pižvem
  • M. Tonin


The aim of the study was to compare the pin-bone interface microstructural characteristics of hydroxyapatite-coated (HAC) and stainless steel Schanz screws after 2, 4 and 6 months of implantation in a sheep model. The microstructure and composition of the hydroxyapatite coating were analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. Twelve coated and 12 uncoated screws were implanted into both femora of three sheep, each sheep receiving eight screws. Specimens of polished bone with screws were examined with SEM and light microscope for morphometric analyses. The HAC was approx. 40 μ m thick, the grain size ranged from 5 to 40 μ m, with pores less than 20 μ m. The atomic ratio of Ca/P was 1.62. SEM showed that the bone-implant contact was better with HAC than with uncoated implants. The ingrowth of the bone in the HAC was clearly seen. Morphometric analysis showed good bone-implant contact in 65.1 (± 24.6)% in the HAC and 32.0 (± 23.3)% in the uncoated group (p < 0.001). Although the percentage of good contact increased with time for both groups, it was significantly higher for HAC screws. Our investigation demonstrated a time dependent improvement of implant-bone contact of the HAC compared to standard stainless steel implants in the chosen experimental conditions.


Scanning Electron Microscopy Hydroxyapatite Morphometric Analysis Good Contact Sheep Model 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Cimerman
    • 1
  • A. Cör
    • 2
  • M. Čveh
    • 3
  • A. Kristan
    • 1
  • J. Pižvem
    • 2
  • M. Tonin
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of TraumatologyUniversity Medical CentreLjubljanaSlovenia
  2. 2.Institute for Histology and Embryology, Medical Faculty of LjubljanaSlovenia
  3. 3.Jožvef Stefan Institute, Nanostructured MaterialsLjubljanaSlovenia

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