A series of novel Sm3+ activated yellow–orange-emitting phosphors have been synthesized successfully by the conventional solid-state method. Their phase composition and luminescence properties have been investigated and discussed systematically. Upon excitation at 410 nm, all the studied phosphors showed intense narrow emissions with a prominent peak centered at around 610 nm, corresponding to 4G5/2—6H7/2 transition. The critical concentration of Sm3+ ions was determined to be 0.02, and the concentration quenching mechanism was verified as dipole–dipole interaction. The investigation of thermal stability revealed that the photoluminescence intensity of Ba3Lu3.92O9:0.08Sm3+ at 425 K remained around 81.4% of that at 298 K. Besides, when excited at 410 nm, the studied phosphor exhibited high color purity of 99.5% with the CIE chromaticity coordinates of (0.5974, 0.4010) and a low Correlation Color Temperature of 2217 K. Consequently, it could be expected that the as-synthesized Ba3Lu4O9:Sm3+ phosphors would be a promising candidate of yellow–orange component for warm white or amber LEDs.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.
Z. Yang, D. Xu, J. Sun, Synthesis and luminescence properties of Ba3Lu(PO4)3:Sm3+ phosphor for white light-emitting diodes. Opt. Express 25(8), A391 (2017)
R. Cao, C. Cao, X. Yu et al., Photoluminescence of Sr2P2O7:Sm3+ phosphor as reddish orange emission for white light-emitting diodes. Int. J. Appl. Ceram. Technol. 12(4), 755–759 (2015)
Z. Wang, B. Wang, Y. Liu et al., Single-phased chromaticity-tunable phosphor of Sr4Al14O25: Eu2+/3+ co-doped with Tb3+ for white-light-emitting diodes. Materials Research Express 6(11), 115903 (2019)
Z. Wang, Y. Liu, Z. Huang et al., Direct-white-emitting phosphor SrAl2O4:Eu2+/3+ with colour-tunable photoluminescence by variation of europium activator valence. Materials Research Express 5(9), 96202 (2018)
S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y.X. Pan et al., Phosphors in phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes: Recent advances in materials, techniques and properties. Materials Science and Engineering: R: Reports 71(1), 1–34 (2010)
Y. Wang, G. Zhu, S. Xin et al., Recent development in rare earth doped phosphors for white light emitting diodes. J. Rare Earths 33(1), 1–12 (2015)
L. Chen, C. Lin, C. Yeh et al., Light converting inorganic phosphors for white light-emitting diodes. Materials 3(3), 2172–2195 (2010)
H.O. Ji, H. Kang, J.E. Yun et al., Synthesis of narrow-band red-emitting K2SiF6:Mn4+ phosphors for a deep red monochromatic LED and ultrahigh color quality warm-white LEDs. Journal of Materials Chemistry C 3, 607–615 (2014)
Y.X. Pan, G.K. Liu, Influence of Mg2+ on luminescence efficiency and charge compensating mechanism in phosphor CaAl12O19:Mn4+. J. Lumin. 131(3), 465–468 (2011)
H.K. Yang, H.M. Noh, B.K. Moon et al., Luminescence investigations of Sr3SiO5:Eu2+ orange-yellow phosphor for UV-based white LED. Ceram. Int. 40(8), 12503–12508 (2014)
C. Guo, D. Xu, L. Feng et al., Luminescent properties of Sr2SiO4: Eu2+ nanorods for near-UV white LED. J. Alloy. Compd. 41(28), L21–L24 (2010)
R.J. Xie, N. Hirosaki, K. Sakuma et al., Eu2+-doped CaSiAlON: A yellow phosphor for white light-emitting diodes. Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(26), 5404–5406 (2004)
J. Wang, H. Zhang, B. Lei et al., Preparation and Luminescence Properties of CaAlSiN3:Eu2+. Science of Advanced Materials 9(3), 661–667 (2017)
T. Mukai, M. Yamada, S. Nakamura, Characteristics of InGaN-Based UV/Blue/Green/Amber/Red Light-Emitting Diodes. Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 38, 3976–3981 (1999)
C. Yan, W. Jing, C. Liu et al., A host sensitized reddish-orange Gd2MoO6:Sm3+ phosphor for light emitting diodes. Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(8), 81917 (2011)
L. Xiang, X. Qiao, X. Fan, Synthesis and luminescence properties of a novel red SrMoO4:Sm3+, R+ phosphor. Solid State Sci. 42(24), 579–583 (2011)
X. Zhang, X.H. Xu, J.B. Qiu et al., Effects of Li+ on photoluminescence of Sr3SiO5: Sm3+ red phosphor. Chin. Phys. B 22(9), 97801 (2013)
P. Li, Z. Wang, Z. Yang et al., Emission features of LiBaBO3:Sm3+ red phosphor for white LED. Mater. Lett. 63(9–10), 751–753 (2009)
D. Xu, J. Sun, Z. Yang, Synthesis and luminescence properties of Ba3Lu(PO4)3:Sm3+ phosphor for white light-emitting diodes. Opt. Express 25(8), A391–A401 (2017)
M.G. Nikolić, D.J. Jovanović, V. Đorđević et al., Thermographic properties of Sm3+-doped GdVO4 phosphor. Phys. Scr. T149, 14063 (2012)
S. Ma, J. Zhang, J. Chen et al., Synthesis, crystal structure and photoluminescence properties of novel Ba3Lu4O9:Ce3+ orange-red phosphors for white light emitting diodes. J. Alloy. Compd. 819, 153047 (2020)
X. Ye, L. Yang, S. Liu et al., Intense and color-tunable upconversion luminescence of Er3+ doped and Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped Ba3Lu4O9 phosphors. J. Alloy. Compd. 701, 806–815 (2017)
J. Krüger, H.M. Uschbaum, Ba3Lu4O9: Synthese und Strukturuntersuchung. Zeitschrift Für Anorganische Und Allgemeine Chemie 512(5), 59–64 (1984)
R.D. Shannon, Revised effective ionic radii and systematic studies of interatomic distances in halides and chalcogenides. Acta Crystallogr. A 32(5), 751–767 (1976)
H. Shih, Y. Chang, Structure and photoluminescence properties of Sm3+ ion-doped YInGe2O7 phosphor. Materials 10(7), 779 (2017)
C. Zeng, Y. Hu, L. Wang et al., A new green-yellowish emitting fluoro-apatite compound phosphor Ba3TbK(PO4)3F:Sm3+ with high thermal stability. J. Rare Earths 35(8), 767–774 (2017)
R. Mi, Y. Liu, L. Mei et al., Luminescence properties of an orange-reddish emitting phosphor KCaBi(PO4)2:Sm3+ with excellent thermal stability. Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Letters 9(9), 1332–1337 (2017)
G. Lu, K. Qiu, J. Li et al., Synthesis and photoluminescence characteristics of Sm3+-doped Bi4Si3O12 red-emitting phosphor. Luminescence 32(1), 93–99 (2017)
L. Mei, H. Liu, L. Liao et al., Structure and photoluminescence properties of red-emitting apatite-type phosphor NaY9(SiO4)6O2:Sm3+ with excellent quantum efficiency and thermal stability for solid-state lighting. Scientific Reports 7(1), 15171 (2017)
D.L. Dexter, J.H. Schulman, Theory of concentration quenching in inorganic phosphors. Journal of Chemical Physics 22(6), 1063–1070 (1954)
G. Annadurai, S.M.M. Kennedy, V. Sivakumar, Photoluminescence properties of a novel orange-red emitting Ba2CaZn2Si6O17:Sm3+ phosphor. J. Rare Earths 34(6), 576–582 (2016)
X. Ma, L. Mei, H. Liu et al., Structure and fluorescent properties of Ba3Sc(PO4)3:Sm3+ red-orange phosphor for n-UV w-LEDs. Chem. Phys. Lett. 653, 212–215 (2016)
P. Dorenbos, Thermal quenching of Eu2+ 5d–4f luminescence in inorganic compounds. J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 17(50), 8103–8111 (2005)
B. Ma, X. Ma, T. Xu et al., Crystal structure and luminescence properties of a novel single-phase orange-red emitting phosphor Ca9La(PO4)7:Sm3+. RSC Advances 8, 14164–14170 (2018)
V. Mahalingam, M. Syed Gulam Ambia, J. Thirumalai et al., Spectroscopic investigations of Sm3+ doped Ca0.5La(MoO4)2 phosphor for solid state lighting applications. J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 28(3), 2838–2845 (2017)
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51772278 and No. 51802004), Shenyang Science and Technology Plan Project (Grant No. 20-202-1-12) and the Doctoral Scientific Research Foundation of Liaoning Province (Grant No. 2020-BS-263).
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51772278 and No. 51802004), Shenyang Science and Technology Plan Project (Grant No. 20–202-1–12) and the Doctoral Scientific Research Foundation of Liaoning Province (Grant No. 2020-BS-263).
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Wang, Z., Luan, X., Ma, G. et al. Novel yellow–orange-emitting Ba3Lu4O9: Sm3+ phosphors with good thermal stability and high color purity for solid state lighting. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-021-05438-z