Nowadays, the application of supercapacitor in energy storage is more and more extensive, and the selection and preparation of electrode material have become a formidable challenge. Polyaniline (PANI) has turned into one of the most hopeful conductive polymers due to its superior properties. In this article, conductive polyaniline was synthesized by chemical oxidative polymerization to acquire excellent electrochemical properties. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), cyclic voltammetry (CV), and galvanostatic charge–discharge (GCD) measurements were adopted to explore the microstructure and energy storage capacity. The PANI is in coralline network morphology with high surface area, which can supply more active sites during charge and discharge process. The PANI shows a high specific capacitance value of 790 F/g, and the highest conductivity is 15.5 S/cm. The consequence shows that PANI synthesized under certain conditions has a promising feasibility for applications in high-performance supercapacitor electrode material.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
M. Cossutta, V. Vretenar, T.A. Centeno, P. Kotrusz, J. McKechnie, S.J. Pickering, J. Clean. Prod. 242, 118468 (2020)
X. Wang, H. Li, H. Li, S. Lin, W. Ding, X. Zhu, Z. Sheng, H. Wang, X. Zhu, Y. Sun, Adv. Funct. Mater. 30, 190302 (2020)
Z. Wang, Z. Ruan, Z. Liu, Y. Wang, Z. Tang, H. Li, M. Zhu, T.F. Hung, J. Liu, Z. Shi, C. Zhi, J. Mater. Chem. A 6, 8549 (2018)
X. Zheng, L. Yao, Y. Qiu, S. Wang, K. Zhang, ACS Appl. Energy Mater. 2, 4335 (2019)
W. Liu, M.S. Song, B. Kong, Y. Cui, Adv. Mater. 29, 1603431 (2017)
H. Li, C. Han, Y. Huang, Y. Huang, M. Zhu, Z. Pei, Q. Xue, Z. Wang, Z. Liu, Z. Tang, Energy Environ. Ence 11, 941 (2018)
W.A. El-Said, M. Abdel-Shakour, A.M. Abd-Elnaiem, Mater. Lett. 222, 126 (2018)
D. Li, Y. Liu, B. Lin, Y. Sun, X. Zhang, Prog. Chem. 27, 404 (2015)
B. Li, X. Zhang, J. Dou, C. Hu, Ceram. Int. 45, 16297 (2019)
K. Sharma, K. Pareek, R. Rohan, P. Kumar, Int. J. Energy Res. 43, 604 (2018)
L. Tseng, C. Hsiao, D.D. Nguyen, P. Hsieh, C. Lee, N. Tai, Electrochim. Acta 266, 284 (2018)
Q. Meng, K. Cai, Y. Chen, L. Chen, Nano Energy 36, 268 (2017)
X. Liu, S. Shi, Q. Xiong, L. Li, Y. Zhang, H. Tang, C. Gu, X. Wang, J. Tu, ACS Appl. Mater. Inter. 5, 8790 (2013)
Y. Long, L. Zhang, Y. Ma, Z. Chen, N. Wang, Z. Zhang, M. Wan, Macromol. Rapid Commun. 24, 938 (2003)
M. Manoj, K.M. Anilkumar, B. Jinisha, S. Jayalekshmi, J. Mater. Sci.-Mater. El. (2017)
A. Moyseowicz, G. Gryglewicz, Composites B 159, 4 (2019)
H. Pal, S. Bhubna, P. Kumar, R. Mahapatra, S. Chatterjee, J. Mater. Eng. Perform. 27, 2668 (2018)
A. Eftekhari, L. Li, Y. Yang, J. Power Sources 347, 86 (2017)
P. Yu, X. Zhao, Y. Li, Q. Zhang, Appl. Surf. Sci. 393, 37 (2017)
G. Li, Z. Feng, J. Zhong, Z. Wang, Y. Tong, Macromolecules 43, 2178 (2010)
Y. Zhang, G.C. Rutledge, Macromolecules 45, 4238 (2012)
M. Li, Y. Guo, Y. Wei, A. Macdiarmid, P. Lelkes, Biomaterials 27, 2705 (2006)
X. He, B. Sun, B. Gao, A. Pang, H. Suo, C. Zhao, J. Electroanal. Chem. 792, 88 (2017)
A. Imani, G. Farzi, J. Mater. Sci. 26, 7438 (2015)
X. He, B. Gao, G. Wang, J. Wei, C. Zhao, Electrochim. Acta 111, 210 (2013)
W. Liu, Y. Yang, X. Liu, B. Xu, New Carbon Mater. 31, 594 (2016)
H. Li, J. Wang, Q. Chu, Z. Wang, F. Zhang, S. Wang, J. Power Sources 190, 578 (2009)
Y. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Tian, L. Ma, C. Wang, X. Gao, ECS J. Solid State Sci. 8, M103 (2019)
H. Cong, X. Ren, P. Wang, S. Yu, Energy Environ. Sci. 6, 1185 (2013)
C. Yang, L. Zhang, N. Hu, Z. Yang, Y. Su, S. Xu, M. Li, L. Yao, M. Hong, Y. Zhang, Chem. Eng. J. 309, 89 (2017)
G. Li, Z. Zhang, Macromolecules 37, 2683 (2004)
Y. Li, X. Zhao, Q. Xu, Q. Zhang, D. Chen, Langmuir 27, 6458 (2011)
L. Zhang, D. Huang, N. Hu, C. Yang, M. Li, H. Wei, Z. Yang, Y. Su, Y. Zhang, J. Power Sources 342, 1 (2017)
F. Ran, Y. Tan, W. Dong, Z. Liu, L. Kong, L. Kang, Polym. Adv. Technol. 29, 1697 (2018)
S. Xing, H. Zheng, G. Zhao, Synth. Met. 158, 59 (2008)
O. Sadak, M.U.A. Prathap, S. Gunasekaran, Carbon 144, 756 (2019)
M.U. Anu Prathap, A.K. Chaurasia, S.N. Sawant, S.K. Apte, Anal. Chem. 84, 6672 (2012)
J.E. Pereira Da Silva, D.L.A. de Faria, S.I. Córdoba De Torresi, M.L.A. Temperini, Macromolecules 33, 3077 (2000)
A.K. Das, S.K. Karan, B.B. Khatua, Electrochim. Acta 180, 1 (2015)
M. Khalid, M.A. Tumelero, V.C. Zoldan, C.C.P. Cid, RSC Adv. 4, 34168 (2014)
Z. Le, F. Liu, P. Nie, X. Li, X. Liu, Z. Bian, G. Chen, H.B. Wu, Y. Lu, ACS Nano 11, 2952 (2017)
The authors would like to thank the editor and the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments on this manuscript. This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation in Shandong Province (2018GGX104022, 2018GGX102031), and National Natural Science Foundation of China (51773110).
Conflict of interest
There are no conflicts to declare.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Wang, Y., Wang, Y., Xu, X. et al. Controlled chemical oxidative polymerization of conductive polyaniline with excellent pseudocapacitive properties. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-021-05403-w