The PbTiO3 nanorods were synthesized by a hydrothermal method using 4.4 mol/L ammonia solution as the pH-adjusting agent. The influence of Pb/Ti molar ratio in the Pb–Ti precursors, precursor concentration, reaction temperature, and time on formation of PbTiO3 nanorods was investigated. The dendritic PbTiO3 nanorods were obtained by controlling the process parameters. The preparation of dendritic PbTiO3 nanorods mainly involved two steps: in the first step of formation of PbTiO3 nanorods, the classical nucleation and growth dominates the nanorod growth, and in the second step of formation of dendritic PbTiO3 nanorods, the oriented attachment dominates the dendritic grain growth. The PbTiO3 nanorods grew along the  c-axis, and the oriented attachment was along the  c-axis to form the dendritic PbTiO3 nanorods.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
R. Saterli, P.M. Rorvik, C.C. You, R. Holmestad, T. Tybell, T. Grande, A.T.J. van Helvoort, M.A. Einarsrud, J. Appl. Phys. 108, 124320 (2010)
S. Zhang, F. Li, J. Appl. Phys. 111, 031301 (2012)
T. Shimada, T. Xu, Y. Araki, J. Wang, T. Kitamura, Nano. Lett. 17, 2674 (2017)
H.C. Song, D. Maurya, M. Sanghadasa, W.T. Reynolds, S. Priya, J. Phys. Chem. C 121, 27191 (2017)
D. Fu, H. Suzuki, K. Ishikawa, Phys. Rev. B 62, 3125 (2000)
J. Kim, J. Hong, M. Park, W. Zhe, D. Kim, Y.J. Jang, D.H. Kim, K. No, Adv. Funct. Mater. 21, 4277 (2011)
H. Fujisawa, K. Yamada, M. Igawa, S. Nakashima, M. Shimizu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 51, 9S1 (2012)
F. Dang, K. Kato, H. Imai, S. Wada, H. Haneda, M. Kuwabara, Cryst. Growth Des. 11, 4129 (2011)
K. Mimura, K. Kato, H. Imai, S. Wada, H. Haneda, M. Kuwabara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 012901 (2012)
X. Yu, H. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Zhou, B. Li, L. Xin, Y. Zhou, H. Shen, J. Mater. Chem. A 1, 2110 (2013)
Y. Yan, B. Sun, D. Ma, J. Mater. Sci. 27, 512 (2016)
Y. Deng, L. Liu, Y. Cheng, C.W. Nan, S. Zhao, Mater. Lett. 57, 1675 (2003)
Y. Wang, G. Xu, L. Yang, Z. Ren, X. Wei, W. Weng, P. Du, G. Shen, G. Han, J. Alloys Compd. 481, L27 (2009)
Y. Li, H. Sun, N. Wang, W. Fang, Z. Li, Solid State Sci. 37, 18 (2014)
S. Cho, J.S. Noh, M.M. Lencka, R.E. Riman, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 23, 2323 (2003)
X. Li, Z. Huang, L. Zhang, D. Guo, Electron. Mater. Lett. 14, 610 (2018)
M.C. Gelabert, R.A. Laudise, R.E. Riman, J. Cryst. Growth 197, 195 (1999)
Y. Yang, X. Wang, C. Zhong, C. Sun, L. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 122907 (2008)
D. Guo, W. Mao, Y. Qin, Z. Huang, C. Wang, Q. Shen, L. Zhang, J. Mater. Sci. 23, 940 (2012)
R. Zhao, M. Li, Z. Ren, Y. Zhu, G. Han, CrystEngComm 20, 448 (2018)
J. Lv, P. Yan, M. Zhao, Y. Sun, F. Shang, G. He, M. Zhang, Z. Sun, J. Alloys Compd. 648, 676 (2015)
R.L. Penn, J.F. Banfield, Science 281, 969 (1998)
J.F. Banfield, S.A. Welch, H. Zhang, T.T. Ebert, R.L. Penn, Science 289, 751 (2000)
D. Li, M.H. Nielsen, J.R.I. Lee, C. Frandsen, J.F. Banfield, J.J. De Yoreo, Science 336, 1014 (2012)
C. Pacholski, A. Kornowski, H. Weller, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 41, 1188 (2002)
This work was financially supported by 111 project of China (No. B13035) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (WUT: 2016III020, 2019-zy-033).
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Li, X., Yue, J., Huang, Z. et al. Efficient synthesis of dendritic PbTiO3 nanorods by hydrothermal method. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-020-03781-1