Structural, multiferroic, and magnetoelectric properties of (1 − x)Bi0.85La0.15FeO3xBaTiO3 composite ceramics


Multiferroic magnetoelectric composites are beneficial in device fabrication because of their tunable ferroelectricity and magnetism. The partial substitution in bismuth ferrite (BiFeO3) is one of the best possible ways for synthesizing pure phase BiFeO3-based materials. A comprehensive study of (1 − x)Bi0.85La0.15FeO3xBaTiO3 (x = 0–0.3) was done by coalescing ferroelectric, dielectric, magnetic, and magnetoelectric properties with structural and microstructural characterizations to explore the effect of BaTiO3 (BT) into Bi0.85La0.15FeO3 (BLFO) and forming composite ceramics. The X-ray diffraction study reveals the phase purity in BLFO and a structural transformation from rhombohedral to cubic phase with increasing content of BT. The Raman spectroscopy and scanning electron micrographs confirm the co-existence of composite formation in BLFO–xBT. The Raman modes shift towards lower wavenumber with increasing BT concentration suggests lattice compression. The room temperature MH hysteresis curve shows the existence of weak ferromagnetism in BLFO–BT composites and superparamagnetism in BLFO–10BT ceramic. The curve fitting of MH curve for BLFO–10BT showed the existence of superparamagnetic particles. The ferroelectric hysteresis PE loop measurements produced unsaturated oval-shaped loops with high leakage and displayed a lossy dielectric nature. The effect of magnetic field on polarization versus electric field curve reveals the interfacial interaction due to the origin of magnetoelectric interaction in BLFO–BT composite ceramics. All the samples display peak broadening in temperature–permittivity plot and confirm relaxor behavior. The superparamagnetic behavior and magnetic field-dependent energy storage capacity of BLFO–10BT composite ceramic make this material a potential candidate for magnetoelectric devices.

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This work is funded by Research Scheme No. 03(1427)/18/EMR-II, CSIR, New Delhi and supported by USIC, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India for characterization facilities. The authors are also thankful to Netaji Subhas University of Technology (NSUT), New Delhi, India for P–E Characterization Facility and University Science Instrumentation Centre (USIC), University of Delhi, Delhi, India for XRD and Magnetic Characterization Facility.

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Shankar, S., Thakur, O.P. & Jayasimhadri, M. Structural, multiferroic, and magnetoelectric properties of (1 − x)Bi0.85La0.15FeO3xBaTiO3 composite ceramics. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron (2020).

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