The borate glass–ceramics with a great energy storage density were fabricated using the melt-quenching method and then heat-treated technology. The microstructure, dielectric properties, energy storage properties and charge–discharge behavior were discussed. The dielectric constant increases monotonically with the increase of crystallization temperature, but the breakdown strength and energy storage density show a trend of increasing first and then decreasing, which is opposite to the activation energy reflecting the interfacial polarization. When the crystallization temperature is 750 °C, the activation energy reaches the lowest value. The glass–ceramics heated at 750 °C have the high breakdown strength of 1487 kV/cm, the maximum energy density of 9.61 J/cm3 and high energy efficiency of 89%, while the actual discharge density reaches the maximum value of 0.4811 J/cm3 under a voltage applied of 500 kV/cm, which makes the materials suitable for applications in energy storage, especially in high power and pulsed power systems.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
N.H. Fletcher, A.D. Hilton, B.W. Ricketts, Optimization of energy storage density in ceramic capacitors. J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 29, 253–258 (1996)
G.R. Love, Energy storage in ceramic dielectrics. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 73, 323–328 (1990)
F. Li, J.W. Zhai, B. Shen, X. Liu, H.R. Zeng, Simultaneously high energy storage density and responsivity in quasi-hysteresis-free Mn-doped Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-BaTiO3-(Sr0.7Bi0.2)TiO3 ergodic relaxor ceramics. Mater. Res. Lett. 6, 345–352 (2018)
H. Kishi, Y. Mizuno, H. Chazono, Base-metal electrode-multilayer ceramic capacitors: past, present and future perspectives. Jsap. Int. 42, 1–15 (2003)
Q.M. Zhang, L. Wang, J. Luo, Q. Tang, J. Du, Improved energy storage density in barium strontium titanate by addition of BaO-SiO2-B2O3 glass. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92, 1871–1873 (2009)
Y.F. Wang, J. Cui, Q.B. Yuan, Y.J. Niu, H. Wang, Nanocomposites: significantly enhanced breakdown strength and energy density in sandwich-structured barium titanate/poly (vinylidene fluoride) nanocomposites. Adv. Mater. 27, 6658–6663 (2015)
A. Niyompan, K. Srisurat, R. Tipakontitikul, Crystallization behavior and dielectric properties of ferroelectric glass-ceramics containing BNN and NN crystals. Ferroelectrics 459, 172–187 (2014)
Y. Yang, J. Song, G.H. Chen, C.L. Yuan, X.Q. Li, C.R. Zhou, Effect of crystallization temperature on the dielectric property and energy density of SrO-BaO-Nb2O6-B2O3 glass-ceramics. J. Non-Cryst. Solods 410, 96–99 (2015)
H.T. Wang, J.H. Liu, J.W. Zhai, B. Shen, S.M. Xiu, S. Xiao, Z.B. Pan, Enhanced energy storage density and discharge efficiency in the strontium sodium niobate-based glass-ceramics. J. Alloys Compd. 687, 280–285 (2016)
G.H. Chen, W.J. Zhang, T.Y. Liu, C.R. Zhou, Preparation and properties of strontium barium niobate based glass-ceramics for energy storage capacitors. J. Electroceram. 27, 78–82 (2011)
H.T. Wang, J.H. Liu, J.W. Zhai, B. Shen, Z.B. Pan, K.L. Yang, Effect of K2O content on breakdown strength and energy-storage density in K2O-BaO-Nb2O5-SiO2 glass-ceramics. Ceram. Int. 43, 4183–4187 (2017)
B. Li, D.Z. Wang, G.H. Chen, X. Liu, C.L. Yuan, Effect of K:Ba ratio on energy storage properties of strontium barium potassium niobate-glass ceramics. J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 30, 19262–19269 (2019)
G.H. Chen, J. Zheng, C.L. Yuan, C.R. Zhou, X.L. Kang, J.W. Xu, Y. Yang, Enhanced energy storage properties of P2O5 modified niobate-based B2O3 system glass ceramic composites. Mater. Lett. 176, 46–48 (2016)
D.H. Jiang, J.J. Chen, B.B. Lu, J. Xi, F. Shang, J.W. Xu, G.H. Chen, Preparation, crystallization kinetics and microwave dielectric properties of CaO-ZnO-B2O3-P2O5-TiO2 glass-ceramics. Ceram. Int. 45, 8233–8237 (2019)
H.T. Wang, J.H. Liu, J.W. Zhai, Z.B. Pan, B. Shen, Effects of Sr substitution for Ba on dielectric and energy-storage properties of SrO-BaO-K2O-Nb2O5-SiO2 glass-ceramics. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 37, 3917–3925 (2017)
M.I. Mendelson, Average grain size in polycrystalline ceramics. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 52, 443–446 (1969)
Y. Zhou, Y. Qiao, Y.M. Tian, K.Y. Wang, G.M. Li, Y.S. Chai, Improvement in structural, dielectric and energy-storage properties of lead-free niobate glass-ceramic with Sm2O3. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 37, 995–999 (2017)
J.R. Liu, K. Yang, J.W. Zhai, B. Shen, Effects of crystallization temperature on phase evolution and energy storage properties of BaO-Na2O-Nb2O5-SiO2-Al2O3 glass-ceramics. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 38, 2312–2317 (2018)
Y. Zhang, J.J. Huang, T. Ma, X.R. Wang, C.S. Deng, X.M. Dai, Sintering temperature dependence of energy-storage properties in (Ba, Sr)TiO3 glass-ceramics. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 1805–1810 (2011)
H.Y. Lee, K.H. Cho, H. Nam, Grain size and temperature dependence of electrical breakdown in BaTiO3 ceramic. Ferroelectrics 334, 165–169 (2006)
A. Kishimoto, K. Koumoto, H. Yanagida, Mechanical and dielectric failure of BaTiO3 ceramics. J. Mater. Sci. 24, 698–702 (1989)
W. Chen, W.G. Zhu, O.K. Tan, S.F. Chen, Frequency and temperature dependent impedance spectroscopy of cobalt ferrite composite thick films. J. Appl. Phys. 108, 034101 (2010)
A. Prasad, A. Basu, Dielectric and impedance properties of sintered magnesium aluminum silicate glass-ceramic. J. Adv. Ceram. 1, 71–78 (2013)
S.X. Xue, S.H. Liu, W.Q. Zhang, B. Shen, J.W. Zhai, Correlation of energy conversion efficiency and interface polarization in niobate glass-ceramic for energy-storage applications. Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 162903 (2015)
L.J. Liu, Y.M. Huang, C.X. Su, L. Fang, M.X. Wu, C.Z. Hu, H.Q. Fan, Space-charge relaxation and electrical conduction in K0.5Na0.5NbO3 at high temperatures. Appl. Phys. A 104, 1047–1051 (2011)
S.X. Xue, J.W. Wang, S.H. Liu, W.Q. Zhang, L.J. Tang, B. Shen, J.W. Zhai, Effect of the Ba/Na ratio on the microstructure and dielectric properties of (BaO, Na2O)-Nb2O5-SiO2 glass-ceramics. Ceram. Int. 5, 7495–7499 (2014)
S. Xiao, S.M. Xiu, B. Shen, J.W. Zhai, Microstructure evolution and energy storage properties of potassium strontium niobate boroaluminosilicate glass-ceramics by microwave crystallization. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 36, 4071–4076 (2016)
J.W. Wang, L.J. Tang, B. Shen, J.W. Zhai, Property optimization of BST-based composite glass ceramics for energy-storage applications. Ceram. Int. 40, 2261–2266 (2014)
J.H. Liu, H.T. Wang, B. Shen, J.W. Zhai, P. Li, Z.B. Pan, Significantly enhanced energy-storage density in the strontium barium niobate-based/titanate-based glass-ceramics. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 100, 506–510 (2017)
Financial supported by Innovation Project of Guangxi Graduate Education (YCSW2019150), GUET Excellent Graduate Thesis Program (18YJPYSS32) and Guangxi Key Laboratory of Information Materials (Grants No. 171002-Z) are gratefully acknowledged by the authors.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Jiang, D., Zhong, Y., Shang, F. et al. Crystallization, microstructure and energy storage behavior of borate glass–ceramics. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-020-03746-4