In this paper, a reduced graphene oxide/bi-MOF-derived carbon (RGO/bi-MDPC) composite is studied as high-performance microwave absorber with tunable dielectric properties. The dielectric parameter of the RGO/bi-MDPC could be optimized by changing annealing temperature. The optimal sample presents the excellent microwave absorbing performance with the effective absorption bandwidth covering the whole X band with a thickness of 3.4 mm while the minimum reflection coefficient reaches − 33.8 dB at 8.8 GHz with the thickness of 3.7 mm. The specific porous structure, residual oxygen functional groups, and abundant interface contribute to enhanced microwave absorption performance. This work indicates that the bi-MOF-derived porous carbon could be used as nanostructured phase to improve the microwave absorptive capacity of RGO composites.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
X. Li, X. Wang, L. Zhang, S. Lee, H. Dai, Chemically derived, ultrasmooth graphene nanoribbon semiconductors. Science 319(5867), 1229–1232 (2008)
Y.-B. Tang, L.-C. Yin, Y. Yang, X.-H. Bo, Y.-L. Cao, H.-E. Wang, W.-J. Zhang, I. Bello, S.-T. Lee, H.-M. Cheng, Tunable band gaps and p-type transport properties of boron-doped graphenes by controllable ion doping using reactive microwave plasma. ACS Nano 6(3), 1970–1978 (2012)
X. Huang, F. Liu, P. Jiang, T. Tanaka, Is graphene oxide an insulating material?, IEEE International Conference on Solid Dielectrics (ICSD), IEEE, 2013, pp. 904–907.
O.C. Compton, S.T. Nguyen, Graphene oxide, highly reduced graphene oxide, and graphene: versatile building blocks for carbon-based materials. Small 6(6), 711–723 (2010)
Q. Li, Z. Zhang, L. Qi, Q. Liao, Z. Kang, Y. Zhang, Toward the application of high frequency electromagnetic wave absorption by carbon nanostructures. Advanced Science 6(8), 1801057–1801080 (2019)
M.S. Cao, X.X. Wang, M. Zhang, J.C. Shu, W.Q. Cao, H.J. Yang, X.Y. Fang, J. Yuan, Electromagnetic response and energy conversion for functions and devices in low-dimensional materials. Adv. Func. Mater. 29(25), 1807398–1807452 (2019)
B. Wen, M. Cao, M. Lu, W. Cao, H. Shi, J. Liu, X. Wang, H. Jin, X. Fang, W. Wang, Reduced graphene oxides: light-weight and high-efficiency electromagnetic interference shielding at elevated temperatures. Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3484–3489 (2014)
P. Song, C. Liang, L. Wang, H. Qiu, H. Gu, J. Kong, J. Gu, Obviously improved electromagnetic interference shielding performances for epoxy composites via constructing honeycomb structural reduced graphene oxide. Compos. Sci. Technol. 181, 107698–107705 (2019)
X. Yang, S. Fan, Y. Li, Y. Guo, Y. Li, K. Ruan, S. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Kong, J. Gu, Synchronously improved electromagnetic interference shielding and thermal conductivity for epoxy nanocomposites by constructing 3D copper nanowires/thermally annealed graphene aerogel framework. Composite A 128, 105670–105679 (2020)
C. Song, X. Yin, M. Han, X. Li, Z. Hou, L. Zhang, L. Cheng, Three-dimensional reduced graphene oxide foam modified with ZnO nanowires for enhanced microwave absorption properties. Carbon 116, 50–58 (2017)
M. Han, X. Yin, L. Kong, M. Li, W. Duan, L. Zhang, L. Cheng, Graphene-wrapped ZnO hollow spheres with enhanced electromagnetic wave absorption properties. J. Mater. Chem. A 2(39), 16403–16409 (2014)
B. Qu, C. Zhu, C. Li, X. Zhang, Y. Chen, Coupling hollow Fe3O4–Fe nanoparticles with graphene sheets for high-performance electromagnetic wave absorbing material. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(6), 3730–3735 (2016)
Q. Zeng, X.-H. Xiong, P. Chen, Q. Yu, Q. Wang, R.-C. Wang, H.-R. Chu, Air@rGO@Fe3O4 microspheres with spongy shells: self-assembly and microwave absorption performance. J. Mater. Chem. C 4(44), 10518–10528 (2016)
L. Kong, X. Yin, Y. Zhang, X. Yuan, Q. Li, F. Ye, L. Cheng, L. Zhang, Electromagnetic wave absorption properties of reduced graphene oxide modified by maghemite colloidal nanoparticle clusters. J. Phys. Chem. C 117(38), 19701–19711 (2013)
J. Tang, S. Bi, X. Wang, G. Hou, X. Su, C. Liu, Y. Lin, H. Li, Excellent microwave absorption of carbon black/reduced graphene oxide composite with low loading. J. Mater. Sci. 54(22), 13990–14001 (2019)
Y. Wei, Y. Shi, Z. Jiang, X. Zhang, H. Chen, Y. Zhang, J. Zhang, C. Gong, High performance and lightweight electromagnetic wave absorbers based on TiN/RGO flakes. J. Alloy. Compd. 810, 151950–151958 (2019)
C. Fu, D. He, Y. Wang, X. Zhao, Enhanced microwave absorption performance of RGO-modified Co@C nanorods. Synth. Met. 257, 116187–116196 (2019)
X. Yuan, R. Wang, W. Huang, Y. Liu, L. Zhang, L. Kong, S. Guo, Lamellar vanadium nitride nanowires encapsulated in graphene for electromagnetic wave absorption. Chem. Eng. J. 378(15), 122203–122213 (2019)
L. Kong, X. Yin, H. Xu, X. Yuan, T. Wang, Z. Xu, J. Huang, R. Yang, H. Fan, Powerful absorbing and lightweight electromagnetic shielding CNTs/RGO composite. Carbon 145, 61–66 (2019)
J. Prasad, A.K. Singh, K.K. Haldar, M. Tomar, V. Gupta, K. Singh, CoFe2O4 nanoparticles decorated MoS2-reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite for improved microwave absorption and shielding performance. RSC Adv. 9(38), 21881–21892 (2019)
H. Xu, X. Yin, M. Zhu, M. Han, Z. Hou, X. Li, L. Zhang, L. Cheng, Carbon hollow microspheres with a designable mesoporous shell for high-performance electromagnetic wave absorption. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(7), 6332–6341 (2017)
H.L. Xu, X.W. Yin, M.H. Li, F. Ye, M.K. Han, Z.X. Hou, X.L. Li, L.T. Zhang, L.F. Cheng, Mesoporous carbon hollow microspheres with red blood cell like morphology for efficient microwave absorption at elevated temperature. Carbon 132, 343–351 (2018)
G. Wu, Y. Cheng, Z. Yang, Z. Jia, H. Wu, L. Yang, H. Li, P. Guo, H. Lv, Design of carbon sphere/magnetic quantum dots with tunable phase compositions and boost dielectric loss behavior. Chem. Eng. J. 333, 519–528 (2018)
X. Zhang, J. Xu, H. Yuan, S. Zhang, Q. Ouyang, C. Zhu, X. Zhang, Y. Chen, Large-scale synthesis of three-dimensional reduced graphene oxide/nitrogen-doped carbon nanotube heteronanostructures as highly efficient electromagnetic wave absorbing materials. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 11(42), 39100–39108 (2019)
X. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Su, S. Huo, Facile synthesis of reduced graphene oxide-wrapped CNFs with controllable chemical reduction degree for enhanced microwave absorption performance. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 553, 402–408 (2019)
S. Wang, Y. Xu, R. Fu, H. Zhu, Q. Jiao, T. Feng, C. Feng, D. Shi, H. Li, Y. Zhao, Rational construction of hierarchically porous Fe–Co/N-doped carbon/rGO composites for broadband microwave absorption. Nano-Micro Lett. 11(1), 76–92 (2019)
Y. Wang, X. Gao, C. Lin, L. Shi, X. Li, G. Wu, Metal organic frameworks-derived Fe-Co nanoporous carbon/graphene composite as a high-performance electromagnetic wave absorber. J. Alloy. Compd. 785, 765–773 (2019)
J. Liang, Y. Jiao, M. Jaroniec, S.Z. Qiao, Sulfur and nitrogen dual-doped mesoporous graphene electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction with synergistically enhanced performance. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 51(46), 11496–11500 (2012)
J. Yang, F. Zhang, H. Lu, X. Hong, H. Jiang, Y. Wu, Y. Li, Hollow Zn/Co ZIF particles derived from core-shell ZIF-67@ ZIF-8 as selective catalyst for the semi-hydrogenation of acetylene. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 54(37), 10889–10893 (2015)
Z. Cai, Z. Wang, J. Kim, Y. Yamauchi, Hollow functional materials derived from metal–organic frameworks: synthetic strategies, conversion mechanisms, and electrochemical applications. Adv. Mater. 31(11), 1804903–1804931 (2019)
B. You, N. Jiang, M. Sheng, W.S. Drisdell, J. Yano, Y. Sun, Bimetal–organic framework self-adjusted synthesis of support-free nonprecious electrocatalysts for efficient oxygen reduction. ACS Catalysis 5(12), 7068–7076 (2015)
H. Xu, X. Yin, X. Fan, Z. Tang, Z. Hou, M. Li, X. Li, L. Zhang, L. Cheng, Constructing a tunable heterogeneous interface in bimetallic metal-organic frameworks derived porous carbon for excellent microwave absorption performance. Carbon 148, 421–429 (2019)
H. Xu, X. Yin, M. Zhu, M. Li, H. Zhang, H. Wei, L. Zhang, L. Cheng, Constructing hollow graphene nano-spheres confined in porous amorphous carbon particles for achieving full X band microwave absorption. Carbon 142, 346–353 (2019)
X. Zhang, J. Guo, P. Guan, G. Qin, S.J. Pennycook, Gigahertz dielectric polarization of substitutional single niobium atoms in defective graphitic layers. Phys. Rev. Lett. 115(14), 147601 (2015)
R. Che, L.-M. Peng, X.F. Duan, Q. Chen, X. Liang, Microwave absorption enhancement and complex permittivity and permeability of Fe encapsulated within carbon nanotubes. Adv. Mater. 16(5), 401–405 (2004)
J. Ding, L. Wang, Y. Zhao, L. Xing, X. Yu, G. Chen, J. Zhang, R. Che, Boosted interfacial polarization from multishell TiO2@Fe3O4@PPy heterojunction for enhanced microwave absorption. Small 15(36), 1902885–1902895 (2019)
H. Pan, X. Yin, J. Xue, L. Cheng, L. Zhang, In-situ synthesis of hierarchically porous and polycrystalline carbon nanowires with excellent microwave absorption performance. Carbon 107, 36–45 (2016)
J.H. Joshi, G.M. Joshi, M.J. Joshi, H.O. Jethva, K.D. Parikh, Raman, photoluminescence, and ac electrical studies of pure and l-serine doped ammonium dihydrogen phosphate single crystals: an understanding of defect chemistry in hydrogen bonding. New J. Chem. 42(21), 17227–17249 (2018)
J.H. Joshi, G.M. Joshi, M.J. Joshi, K.D. Parikh, Complex impedance, FT-Raman, and photoluminescence spectroscopic studies of pure and L-phenylalanine doped ammonium dihydrogen phosphate single crystals: the correlation with hydrogen bonding defect. Ionics 25(7), 3223–3245 (2019)
A.C. Ferrari, J. Robertson, Interpretation of Raman spectra of disordered and amorphous carbon. Phys. Rev. B 61(20), 14095–14107 (2000)
A.C. Ferrari, J. Meyer, V. Scardaci, C. Casiraghi, M. Lazzeri, F. Mauri, S. Piscanec, D. Jiang, K. Novoselov, S. Roth, Raman spectrum of graphene and graphene layers. Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(18), 187401–187405 (2006)
J.H. Joshi, D.K. Kanchan, M.J. Joshi, H.O. Jethva, K.D. Parikh, Dielectric relaxation, complex impedance and modulus spectroscopic studies of mix phase rod like cobalt sulfide nanoparticles. Mater. Res. Bull. 93, 63–73 (2017)
J.H. Joshi, S. Kalainathan, D.K. Kanchan, M.J. Joshi, K.D. Parikh, Effect of l-threonine on growth and properties of ammonium dihydrogen phosphate crystal. Arab. J. Chem. 13(1), 1532–1550 (2020)
W. Zhang, Y. Xu, L. Yuan, J. Cai, D. Zhang, Microwave absorption and shielding property of composites with FeSiAl and carbonous materials as filler. J. Mater. Sci. Technol. 28(10), 913–919 (2012)
W. Li, C. Li, L. Lin, Y. Wang, J. Zhang, Foam structure to improve microwave absorption properties of silicon carbide/carbon material. J. Mater. Sci. Technol. 35(11), 2658–2664 (2019)
X. Liu, N. Chai, Z. Yu, H. Xu, X. Li, J. Liu, X. Yin, R. Riedel, Ultra-light, high flexible and efficient CNTs/Ti3C2-sodium alginate foam for electromagnetic absorption application. J. Mater. Sci. Technol. 35(12), 2859–2867 (2019)
C. Wang, X. Han, P. Xu, X. Zhang, Y. Du, S. Hu, J. Wang, X. Wang, The electromagnetic property of chemically reduced graphene oxide and its application as microwave absorbing material. Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 072906–072909 (2011)
P. Wang, J. Zhang, G. Wang, B. Duan, D. He, T. Wang, F. Li, Synthesis and characterization of MoS2/Fe@Fe3O4 nanocomposites exhibiting enhanced microwave absorption performance at normal and oblique incidences. J. Mater. Sci. Technol. 35(9), 1931–1939 (2019)
L. Van Beek, The Maxwell-Wagner-Sillars effect, describing apparent dielectric loss in inhomogeneous media. Physica 26(1), 66–68 (1960)
J. Song, L. Wang, N. Xu, Q. Zhang, Microwave absorbing properties of magnesium-substituted MnZn ferrites prepared by citrate-EDTA complexing method. J. Mater. Sci. Technol. 26(9), 787–792 (2010)
The authors would like to give their special thanks to Prof. Xiaowei Yin for his kind guidance and help on this work. This work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No.: 51821091), the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars (Grant No.: 51725205).
The authors declare no competing financial interest.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
Electronic supplementary material
Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.
About this article
Cite this article
Fan, X., Zhang, A., Li, M. et al. A reduced graphene oxide/bi-MOF-derived carbon composite as high-performance microwave absorber with tunable dielectric properties. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron 31, 11774–11783 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-020-03729-5