The doping of nickel and titanium is evaluated with the goal of coloring calcium hexaluminate ceramic (CaAl12−2xNixTixO19) and improving mechanical properties. The samples prepared by solid-phase reaction are studied with X-ray diffraction, UV–Vis diffuse reflection, a Konica Minolta colorimeter, scanning electron microscopy, and an indentation test of hardness. The increase in dopant content increases the fracture toughness of CaAl12O19, enabling us to obtain a pure blue ceramic material with a doping amount of x = 0.8. With the increase of Ni2+ and Ti4+, the color of the sample changes. Among the samples, the most vivid blue hue is obtained for an x value of 0.8 with a reflection peak at 473 nm in the UV spectrum and a blueness value (− b*) of 49.2 in the CIE L*a*b* system, which is bluer than cobalt-doped ceramics. The emission spectra of CaAl12O19 in the visible region confirmed that Ni2+ replaces Al3+ in the tetrahedron and causes an electron transition. The results also indicate that the incorporation of Ni2+ and Ti4+ increases the hardness of the sample and the fracture toughness, with the hardness of pure calcium aluminate increased by 22.1%.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
H. Sun, M. Nie, Shandong Metall. 39(5), 39–42 (2019)
Y.L. Yuan, X. Chen, H.M. Wang, Q. Chen, J. China Acad. J. Electron. 82(8), 696–705 (2019)
V. Singh, T.K.G. Rao, J.J. Zhu, J. Lumin. 126(1), 1–6 (2007)
G. Costa, M.J. Ribeiro, W. Hajjaji, M.P. Seabra et al., J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29, 2671–2678 (2009)
F. Gaabel, M. Khlifi, N. Hamdaoui et al., J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 30(16), 6583–6592 (2019)
I.S. Ahmed, H.A. Dessouki, A.A. Ali, Spectrochim. Acta 71(2), 616–620 (2009)
K. Sawinder, S. Paramjit, S.G. Panesar, et al., Pigments Resin Technol. 48(4), 301–308 (2019)
S. Hussain, M.S. Javed, S. Asim, A. Shaheen, M. Wang et al., Ceram. Int. 46, 6406–6412 (2009)
V.S. Rangasamy, S. Thayumanasundaram, Electrochim. Acta 276(10), 102–110 (2018)
M. Dai, K. Qiu, P. Zhang, et al., J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 30(10), 9184–9193 (2019)
C. Li, J. Wang, et al., Comprehensive utilization of resources in China. in: IOP Conference Series Earth and Environmental Science (2018)
H. Xu, J. Zhu, et al., Resour. Environ. Eng. 6(1) (2018)
M. Ardit, S. Borcnescu, G. Cruciani et al., J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 99, 1749–1760 (2016)
E.A.B. Hughes, S.C. Cox, M.E. Cooke et al., Adv. Healthcare Mater. 7, 746–753 (2018)
R.C. Peterson, W. Nelson, B. Madu, et al., Am Miner. 92(10), 1756–1759 (2007)
J. Li, E.A. Medina, A.W. Sleight, M.A. Subramanian et al., Progr. Solid State Chem. 44(11), 107–122 (2016)
S. Hussain, X. Yang, S. Asim, G. Liu, M.K. Aslam, A. Shaheen, M.S. Javed et al., Chem Eng J (2019). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2019.123595
R. Ianos, I. Lazau, C. Pacurariu, P. Barvinschi et al., Cement Concrete Res. 39(7), 566–572 (2009)
L. Wei, H. Zhang, C. Shi et al., Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(3), 427–434 (2016)
T. Ahmadi, A. Monshi, V. Mortazavi et al., Ceram. Int. 40(6), 8341–8349 (2014)
F.C. Chang, K.L. Cheng et al., Anal. Chim Acta 76(1), 177–182 (1975)
L.H.C. Andrade, S.M. Lima, A. Novatski et al., Phys. Rev. B 78(78), 362–373 (2008)
H.T. Banks, K.L. Sutton, W.C. Thompson et al., Bull. Math. Biol. 73(1), 116–150 (2011)
Y. Chen, X. Ma, Y. Tang et al., Kuei Suan Jen Hsueh Pao [J. Chin. Ceram. Soc.] 43(9), 1214–1219 (2015)
W. Hajjaji, G. Costa, C. Zanelli et al., J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 32(4), 753–764 (2012)
M. Pansini, G. Dell'Agli, A. Marocco et al., J. Biomed. Nanotechnol. 13(3), 337 (2017)
N. Gorodylova, V. Kosinova, Z. Dohnalova et al., Dyes Pigments 98(3), 393–404 (2013)
National Natural Science Foundation of China (51762036); Inner Mongolia Natural Science Foundation (2017BS0504, 2017MS0221); Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Higher Education School “Youth Technology Talent Support Program” Category A (NJYT-19-A20).
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
About this article
Cite this article
Rui, G., Wang, Q., Bao, J. et al. Preparation and properties of calcium hexaluminate blue ceramics. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron 31, 11748–11757 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-020-03726-8