Electric and photoluminescence properties of Eu3+-doped PZN-9PT single crystal

Abstract

Eu3+-doped 0.91Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.09PbTiO3 (PZN-9PT: Eu) single crystals were grown by the flux technique. The phase structure, ferroelectric, dielectric, and photoluminescence properties of the crystal were investigated. The PZN-9PT: Eu crystal has a pure perovskite structure. The residual polarization Pr, coercive field Ec, total bipolar strain, and unipolar stain are 36.7664 μC/cm2, 11.0597 kV/cm, 0.35%, and 0.12%, respectively. The coercive field Ec of PZN-9PT: Eu crystal is three times higher than that of PZN-9PT crystal. The Curie temperature Tc of the PZN-9PT: Eu crystal is about 172 °C which is slightly higher than that of PZN-PT single crystal. Under the excitation of 464 nm laser, four broadband peaks appear around 593 nm, 613 nm, 657 nm, and 716 nm, corresponding to the 5D0 → 7FJ (J = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4) transition emission, respectively. The luminescence intensity of all the emission peaks decreases with increasing temperatures range from 298 to 393 K. Our results can provide a new way for the design of multifunctional materials used in optical-electrical devices.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7

References

  1. 1.

    N. Yasuda, T. Banno, K. Fujita, H. Ohwa, M. Matushita, Y. Yamashita, M. Iwata, Y. Ishibashi, Piezoelectric properties of relaxor ferroelectric solid solution single crystals PMN-PT and PZN-PT near MPB under pressures. Ferroelectrics 347, 44–49 (2007)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    T. Li, X.F. Long, M. Ye, H.R. Wang, H.T. Huang, X.R. Zeng, S.M. Ke, Growth and properties of (1−x)Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3xPbTiO3 (x=0.07-0.11) ferroelectric single crystals by a top-seeded solution growth method. Ceram. Int. 41, 14427–14434 (2015)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    J.Y. Xu, J. Tong, M.L. Shi, A.H. Wu, S.J. Fan, Flux Bridgman growth of Pb[(Zn1/3Nb2/3)0.93Ti0.07]O3 piezocrystals. J. Cryst. Growth. 253, 274–279 (2003)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Z.G. Ye, High-performance piezoelectric single crystals of complex perovskite solid solutions. MRS Bull. 34(4), 277–283 (2009)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    J. Kuwata, K. Uchino, S. Nomura, Dielectric and piezoelectric properties of 0.91Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.09PbTiO3 single crystals. J. Appl. Phys. 21, 1298–1302 (1982)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    K.K. Rajan, M. Shanthi, W.S. Chang, J. Jin, L.C. Lim, Dielectric and piezoelectric properties of [001] and [011]-poled relaxor ferroelectric PZN-PT and PMN-PT single crystals. Sens. Actuators. A. 133, 110–116 (2006)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Z.Z. Xi, A.M. Han, P.Y. Fang, W. Long, X.J. Li, Q.Q. Bu, Structural and electrical properties of Ho3+-modified Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3–9PbTiO3 single crystals. J. Mater. Sci: Mater Electron. 27, 4223–4229 (2015)

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Z.Z. Xi, A.M. Han, P.Y. Fang, X.J. Li, W. Long, Electrical properties and upconversion luminescence of the Er3+-modified PZN-9PT crystals. J. Mater. Res. 31, 3044–3049 (2016)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Y. Li, Z.Z. Xi, P.Y. Fang, X.J. Li, W. Long, A.G. He, W. Zhao, Electric and optical properties of Tm3+/Yb3+co-doped PZN-9PT crystals. J. Mater. Sci. 30, 3811–3819 (2019)

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    V.K. Tikhomirov, V.D. Rodríguez, J. Méndez-Ramos, J. DelCastillo, D. Kirilenko, Optimizing Er/Yb ratio and content in Er-Yb co-doped glass-ceramics for enhancement of the up- and down-conversion luminescence. Sol. Energy. Mat. Sol. C. 100, 209–215 (2012)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    J. Pisarska, R. Lisiecki, W. Ryba-Romanowski, G. Dominiak-Dzik, W.A. Pisarski, Up-converted luminescence in Yb-Tm co-doped lead fluoroborate glasses. J. Alloy. Compd. 451, 226–228 (2008)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    T. Wei, C.Z. Zhao, C.P. Li, Y.B. Lin, X. Yang, H.G. Tan, Photoluminescence and ferroelectric properties in Eu doped Bi4Ti3O12–SrBi4Ti4O15 intergrowth ferroelectric ceramics. J. Alloys Compd. 577, 728–733 (2013)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    S.L. Jones, D. Kumar, R.K. Singh, P.H. Holloway, Luminescence of pulsed laser deposited Eu doped yttrium oxide films. Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 404–406 (1997)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    G. Wakefield, E. Holland, P.J. Dobson, J.L. Hutchison, Luminescence properties of nanocrystalline Y2O3:Eu. Adv. Mater. 13, 1557–1560 (2001)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    M. Mitsuishi, S. Kikuchi, T. Miyashita, Y. Amao, Characterization of an ultrathin polymer optode and its application to temperature sensors based on luminescent europium complexes. J. Mater. Chem. 13, 2875–2879 (2003)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    D. Kobor, L. Lebrun, G. Sebald, D. Guyomar, Characterization of pure and substituted 0.955Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3–0.045PbTiO3. J. Cryst. Growth. 275(3–4), 580–588 (2005)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    M. Ahart, R.E. Cohen, V. Struzhkin, E. Gregoryanz, D. Rytz, S.A. Prosandeev, H. Mao, R.J. Hemley, High-pressure Raman scattering and x-ray diffraction of the relaxor ferroelectric 0.96Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3–0.04PbTiO3. Phys. Rev. B. 71, 144102 (2005)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    S.J. Wang, Z.Z. Xi, P.Y. Fang, X.J. Li, W. Lui, A.G. He, Element segregation and electrical properties of PMN-32PT grown using the Bridgman method. Crystals. 9, 98 (2019)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    R. Chukka, S. Vandrangi, Z.G. Chen, L. You, J.L. Wang, Orientation dependence of electrocaloric effects in Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)-PbTiO3 single crystals. API. Adv. 3, 072118 (2013)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    X. Liu, D. Wu, B.J. Fang, J.N. Ding, X.B. Li, X.Y. Zhao, H. Luo, J.H. Ko, C. Ahn, Aging characteristics of 0.7Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–0.3PbTiO3 single crystals with different crystal orientations. Appl. Phys. A. 119, 1469–1476 (2015)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    B. Srimathy, R. Jayavel, I. Bhaumik, S. Ganesamoorthy, A.K. Karnal, P.K. Gupta, J. Kumar, Role of dopant induced defects on the properties of Nd and Cr doped PZNT single crystals. Mater. Sci. Eng. B. 185, 60–66 (2014)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    J.G. Hao, C.G. Ye, B. Shen, J.W. Zhai, Enhanced electrostricitive properties and thermal endurance of textured (Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3-BaTiO3-(K0.5Na0.5)NbO3 ceramics. J. Appl. Phys. 114, 054101 (2013)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    S.T. Zhang, B. Yang, W.W. Cao, The temperature-dependent electrical properties of Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3-BaTiO3-Bi0.5K0.5TiO3 near the morphotropic phase boundary. Acta Mater. 60, 469–475 (2012)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    X.D. Qi, E.W. Sun, K. Li, R. Zhang, B. Yang, W.W. Cao, Dielectric relaxation properties of [001]c-, [011]c-, and [111]c-oriented 0.24PIN-0.47PMN-0.29PT single crystals. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 102, 4103–4112 (2018)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    Z. Wang, R. Zhang, E.W. Sun, W.W. Cao, Temperature dependence of electric-field-induced domain switching in 0.7Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.3PbTiO3 single crystal. J. Alloys Compd. 527, 101–105 (2012)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    L.Y. Yang, L.M. Zheng, Y.J. Jing, S.Y. Li, X.Y. Lu, W.M. Lü, R. Zhang, Temperature dependence of intrinsic and extrinsic dielectric contributions in 0.27Pb(In1/2Nb1/2)O3-0.46Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.27PbTiO3 single crystals. Phys. Status Solidi B. 254, 1700029 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    L.M. Zheng, L.Y. Yang, Y.R. Li, X.Y. Lu, D. Huo, W.M. Lü, R. Zhang, B. Yang, W.W. Cao, Origin of improvement in mechanical quality factor in acceptor-doped relaxor-based ferroelectric single crystals. Phys. Rev. Appl 9, 064028 (2018)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  28. 28.

    A.K. Pradhan, K. Zhang, S. Mohanty, J. Dadson, D. Hunter, G.B. Loutts, Luminescence and spectroscopic behavior of Eu3+-doped Y2O3 and Lu2O3 epitaxial films grown by pulsed-laser deposition. J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023513 (2005)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. 29.

    S. Edvardsson, M. Wolf, J.O. Thomas, Sensitivity of optical-absorption intensities for rare-earth ions. Phys. Rev. B 45, 10918–10923 (1992)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  30. 30.

    Y.P. Tai, G.J. Zheng, H. Wang, J.T. Bai, Broadband down-conversion based near infrared quantum cutting in Eu2+-Yb3+ co-doped SrAl2O4 for crystalline silicon solar cells. J. Solid. State. Chem. 226, 250–254 (2015)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51772235), the National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program) (Grant No.2013CB632900), the Shaanxi Key Laboratory Fundament Research Foundation (14JK1333), and Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Optoelectronic Functional Materials and Devices (Grant No.2015SZSJ-59-5).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Zengzhe Xi.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Chen, Y., Xi, Z., Guo, F. et al. Electric and photoluminescence properties of Eu3+-doped PZN-9PT single crystal. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron 31, 11295–11302 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-020-03678-z

Download citation