High-energy storage performance of (1 − x)[0.935(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3–0.065BaTiO3]–xBa(Zr0.3Ti0.7)O3 ceramics with wide temperature range

Abstract

The (1 − x)[0.935(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3–0.065BaTiO3]–xBa(Zr0.3Ti0.7)O3 (BNT–BT–xBZT) ceramics with high-energy storage properties were designed and characterized. All the BNT–BT–xBZT ceramics exhibit a pure perovskite structure. The grain size of ceramics becomes larger as the BZT content increases. Enhanced energy density performances (Wrec = 1.9 J/cm3, η = 86%) are achieved for the BNT–BT–0.4BZT ceramics at 210 kV/cm. Specifically, the energy stored in the material can be rapidly released within 0.27 µs. Excellent temperature stability with the variation of Wrec less than 7% is realized in a wide temperature range from 20 to 140 °C. Moreover, the energy storage performances have good reliability after 105 electric field cycles. The high-energy storage performances indicate that the BNT–BT–0.4BZT ceramics are promising candidates in pulsed-power applications.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (No. 2016YFB0402701), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51701091), the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province of China (No. ZR2018MEM011, ZR201709270099), the Innovation Team of Higher Educational Science and Technology Program in Shandong Province (No. 2019KJA025), the project of Shandong Province Higher Educational Science and Technology Program (No. J17KA005), and State Key Laboratory of New Ceramic and Fine Processing Tsinghua University (No. KF201906).

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Correspondence to Jigong Hao or Wei Li.

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Fan, X., Li, P., Du, J. et al. High-energy storage performance of (1 − x)[0.935(Bi0.5Na0.5)TiO3–0.065BaTiO3]–xBa(Zr0.3Ti0.7)O3 ceramics with wide temperature range. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron 31, 9974–9981 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-020-03602-5

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