Synthesis and characterization of ordered mesoporous silica containing di-ureasil hybrid/phosphotungstic acid and Eu3+

Abstract

Multifunctional composite (MFC) di-ureasil hybrid synthesized by sol gel method containing phosphotungstic acid (PWA) and Eu3+ ions have been successfully incorporated into mesoporous silica (SBA-15) by post-synthesis method. MFC were characterized by Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), nitrogen adsorption–desorption (NAI), thermogravimetric and differential thermal analysis, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and also photoluminescence. FTIR showed that both di-ureasil and PWA were incorporated into the mesoporous silica. NAI, TEM and SAXS confirmed the incorporation of the PWA and di-ureasil into the mesoporous of SBA-15. Composites are thermal stable at about 240 °C and photoluminescence has demonstrated that Eu3+ ions were successfully entrapped and occupies local environment with low symmetry.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9

References

  1. 1.

    D. Zhao, Q. Huo, J. Feng, B.F. Chmelka, G.D. Stucky, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 120, 6024–6036 (1998)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    F. Hoffmann, M. Cornelius, J. Morell, M. Froba, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 45, 3216–3251 (2006)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    A.M.F. Jardim, R. Bacani, N.S. Gonçalves, M.C.A. Fantini, T.S. Martins, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 239, 235–243 (2017)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    M. Carraro, S. Gross, Materials 7(5), 3956–3989 (2014)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    P.A. Obara, V.H.V. Sarmento, S.J.L. Ribeiro, M. Nalin, C. Molina, Opt. Mater. 46, 64–69 (2015)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    R.P. Cruz, M. Nalin, S.J.L. Ribeiro, C. Molina, Opt. Mater. 66, 297–301 (2017)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    C.V.T. Rossini, C. Molina, L. Caseli, Colloids Surf A 524, 35–42 (2017)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    J. Liu, Y. Qi, D. Liu, D. Dong, D. Liu, Z. Li, J. Mater. Sci. 54, 4831–4841 (2019)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    A.M.F. Jardim, R. Bacani, F.F. Camilo, M.C.A. Fantini, T.S. Martins, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 228, 37–44 (2016)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    D.Y. Takamori, M.A. Bizeto, M.C.A. Fantini, C.P.L. Rubinger, R. Faez, T.S. Martins, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 274, 212–219 (2019)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    S. Salimian, A. Zadhoush, A. Mohammadi, J. Reinf. Plast. Comp. 37(7), 441–459 (2018)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    S.L. Suib, Chem. Rec. 17, 1169–1183 (2017)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    C.C.S. Pedroso, V. Junqueira, C.P.L. Rubinger, T.S. Martins, R. Faez, Synth. Met. 170, 11–18 (2013)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    X. Sheng, J. Kong, Y. Zhou, Y. Zhang, Z. Zhang, S. Zhou, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 187, 7–13 (2014)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    R. Tan, C. Liu, N. Feng, J. Xiao, W. Zheng, A. Zheng, D. Yin, Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 158, 77–87 (2012)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    H. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Tian, N. Tang, W. Liu, Q. Wang, Y. Tang, Dalton Trans. 39, 7485–7492 (2010)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    S. Brunauer, P.H. Emmet, E. Teller, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 60, 309–319 (1938)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    E.P. Barrett, L.G. Joyner, P.P. Halenda, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 73, 373–380 (1951)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Y. Waseda, E. Matsubara, K. Shinoda, X-ray diffraction crystallography - introduction, examples and solved problem x-ray diffraction crystallography (Springer, Berlin, 2011). ISBN 978-3-642-16634-1

    Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    K.S.W. Sing, D.H. Everett, R.A.W. Haul, L. Moscou, R.A. Pierotti, J. Rouquérol, T. Siemieniewska, Pure Appl. Chem. 57, 603–619 (1985)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    T.R. Zhang, W. Feng, R. Lu, X.T. Zhang, M. Jin, T.J. Li, Y.Y. Zhao, J.N. Yao, Thin Solids Films. 402, 237–241 (2002)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    J. Chen, Y. Liu, D.-Q. Xiong, W. Feng, W.-M. Cai, Thin Solids Films. 516, 2864–2868 (2008)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Bermudez V. de Zea, L.D. Carlos, L. Alcácer, Chem. Mater. 11, 569–580 (1999)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    M.C. Gonçalves, V. de Zea Bermudez, R.A. Sá Ferreira, L.D. Carlos, D. Ostrovskii, J. Rocha, Chem. Mater. 16, 2530–2543 (2004)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    J.P. Rainho, D. Ananias, Z. Lin, A. Ferreira, L.D. Carlos, J. Rocha, J. Alloys Compd. 374, 185–189 (2004)

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

The authors acknowledge the financial support from Brazilian agencies: Grants 2012/02708-8, São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP). CAPES (Education Ministry) (23038.000776/201754) via the projects of the National Institute for Science and Technology on Organic Electronics (INEO). Authors also would like to thank Chemistry Institute, São Paulo State University – UNESP, Araraquara – SP for photoluminescent measurements. The authors also would thank Ms. A.C.F. Silveira and Prof. M.C.A. Fantini from Instituto de Física (USP) for SAXS analysis, C.M. Fukumoto, R.M. da Silva, R. Rodrigues and S. Pinheiro from CIPE-UNIFESP (Centro de Instrumentação de Pesquisa e Ensino-UNIFESP) for NAI analysis, and Sylvia Carneiro of Institute Butantan, São Paulo for TEM measurements.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to C. Molina.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Cavalcante, C.T., Molina, C. & Martins, T.S. Synthesis and characterization of ordered mesoporous silica containing di-ureasil hybrid/phosphotungstic acid and Eu3+. J Mater Sci: Mater Electron 30, 16903–16909 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-019-01626-0

Download citation