Experimental and first principle investigation the electronic and optical properties of YNbO4 and LuNbO4 phosphors
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LnNbO4 (Ln = Y, Gd and Lu) is a type of material that can be used as both outstanding self-activated phosphor and laser host has generated significant interests. However, their electronic structures and optical properties still require elucidation. To solve this intriguing problem, firstly, YNbO4 and LuNbO4 polycrystalline with monoclinic crystal structure were prepared by traditional high-temperature solid-state reaction method and their structure and luminescent properties were characterized in experiment. Additionally, their CIE chromaticity coordinate were presented to illustrate the luminescent color and the chromaticity coordinates for YNbO4 and LuNbO4 are x = 0.1581, y = 0.0725 and x = 0.1581, y = 0.0753, respectively. Secondly, systematic theoretical calculations based on density functional theory method were carried out on them and their band structures, density of states as well as optical properties were obtained in theoretical. The calculated band gap for YNbO4 and LuNbO4 are 4.101 and 4.214 eV, respectively. Lastly, a comparison between the experimental and calculated band gap and refractive index was conducted. The good coincident between them indicating the calculated results are reliable. Therefore, all of the obtained results could provide an essential understanding of LnNbO4 materials.
The National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants Nos. 51502292, 61405206), National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grants No. 2016YFB0402101) and the China Scholarship Council (award to Shoujun Ding for 14 month’s study abroad at the Utah State University) supported this study.
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