Structural, optical and magnetic properties of Fe-doped CeO2 samples probed using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
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The present study reports the effect of Fe-doping on the structural, optical, magnetic and electronic properties of polycrystalline CeO2 (for 5 and 10% doping concentration of Fe-cation) samples synthesized by low-temperature solid-state reaction method. Rietveld refinement of the X-ray diffraction patterns establishes fluorite-type face-centred cubic structure of the Fe-doped CeO2 samples and also confirms successful incorporation of Fe ions in the CeO2 lattice. The UV–Vis–NIR absorption spectra displays reduce band gap energy with rising fluency of Fe-ions, which confirm red shifts in the Fe-doped CeO2 samples. The electronic structure of the pure CeO2 and Fe-doped CeO2 polycrystalline samples have been investigated by X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS). The XPS spectra of Ce 3d reveals the reduction of Ce4+ to Ce3+ states Fe-doped CeO2 samples, which are well supported by the Fe 2p and O 1s spectra. Pure polycrystalline CeO2 displays diamagnetic behaviour at room temperature. Interestingly, 5% Fe-doped CeO2 sample displays S-shape hysteresis loop and establishes room temperature ferromagnetism, whereas, 10% Fe-doped CeO2 sample shows weak ferromagnetic behaviour. A decrement is observed in the magnetization on increasing the doping concentration. The possible reason for ferromagnetism in the Fe-doped CeO2 samples may be incorporation of oxygen vacancies, which are further discussed using F-centre exchange mechanism and double exchange interaction. These experimental findings offer potential opportunities for spintronics and optoelectronics applications by integrating them into device structures and evaluating their performance as a function of their material properties.
One of the authors (Swati Soni) is thankful to Department of Science and Technology (DST), New Delhi for financial assistance vide grant no. F.No.SR/WOS-A/PM-1021/2015. Authors are also thankful to Banasthali Vidyapith, Niwai, Rajasthan, for extending the experimental facilities of ‘‘Banasthali Centre for Education and Research in Basic Sciences” sanctioned under CURIE programme of the Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi.
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