Room temperature preparation of δ-phase CsSn1−xPbxI3 films for hole–transport in solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells

  • Pornpanarat Ardchongtong
  • Pantiwa Kumlangwan
  • Madsakorn Towannang
  • Pitphichaya Suksangrat
  • Pornjuk Srepusharawoot
  • Narid Prachumrak
  • Pawinee Klangtakai
  • Samuk Pimanpang
  • Vinich Promarak
  • Vittaya Amornkitbamrung
Article
  • 55 Downloads

Abstract

CsSn1−xPbxI3 films were prepared from mixed CsI, SnI2 and/or PbI2 solutions at five different Pb/Sn ratios (x = 0, 0.2, 0.5, 0.8 and 1) at room temperature. The color of the CsSn1−xPbxI3 films varied with their Pb/Sn ratios. At a Pb/Sn ratio of 0.5, CsSn0.5Pb0.5I3 had the darkest color, whereas films at other Pb/Sn ratios displayed dark brown or yellowish colors. The XRD spectra of the as-prepared CsSn1−xPbxI3 films matched the δ-phase (yellow-phase) nonperovskite structure quite well. Solid-state dye-sensitized solar cells (S-DSSCs) were assembled by directly dropping the mixed CsI, SnI2 and/or PbI2 solution onto TiO2-coated-dye electrodes and drying them at room temperature. A CsSn0.5Pb0.5I3 based S-DSSC generated the highest efficiency (3.47%) of the five conditions (CsSn1−xPbxI3, x = 0, 0.2, 0.5, 0.8 and 1). This is attributed to the dark color and good continuity of the CsSn0.5Pb0.5I3 film, its high shunt-resistance (10,377.10 Ω) and high incident-photon collecting efficiency of CsSn0.5Pb0.5I3 based S-DSSCs.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by The Thailand Research Fund, Khon Kaen University and Srinakharinwirot University (TRF, RSA5880035), by the National Research of Council Thailand and Srinakharinwirot University (#024/2561), by the Higher Education Research Promotion and National Research University Project of Thailand, Office of the Higher Education Commission, through the Advanced Functional Materials Cluster of Khon Kaen University, by the Center of Excellence in Physics (ThEP), by the Integrated Nanotechnology Center, Khon Kaen University, and by the National Nanotechnology Center (NANOTEC), NSTD, Ministry of Science and Technology, Thailand, through its program of Center of Excellence Network.

References

  1. 1.
    B. O’Regan, M. Grätzel, Nature 353, 737 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    W.C. Chang, Y.Y. Cheng, W.C. Yu, Y.C. Yao, C.H. Lee, H.H. Ko, Nanoscale Res. Lett. 7, 1 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S.-M. Yong, T. Nikolay, B.T. Ahn, D.K. Kim, J. Alloys Compd. 547, 113 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    G. Shang, J. Wu, S. Tang, L. Liu, X. Zhang, J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 4345 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Rahimi-Nasrabadi, F. Ahmadi, M. Eghbali-Arani, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 27, 11873 (2016)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    F. Ahmad, M. Rahimi-Nasrabadi, A. Fosoon, M. Daneshmand, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 27, 9514 (2016)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. Rahimi-Nasrabadi, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 28, 2200 (2017)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. Sobhani‑Nasab, H. Naderi, M. Rahimi‑Nasrabadi, M. Reza Ganjali, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 28, 8588 (2017)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Rahimi-Nasrabadi, H.R. Naderi, M.S. Karimi, F. Ahmadi, S.M. Pourmortazavi, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 28, 1877 (2017)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    H.R. Naderia, A. Sobhani-Nasabb, M. Rahimi-Nasrabadic, M.R. Ganjali, Appl. Surf. Sci. 423, 1025 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    C.-W. Kung, H.-W. Chen, C.-Y. Lin, K.-C. Huang, R. Vittal, K.-C. Ho, ACS Nano 6, 7016 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    L.T.L. Lee, J. He, B. Wang, Y. Ma, K.Y. Wong, Q. Li, X. Xiao, T. Chen, Sci. Rep. 4, 1 (2014)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Wu, X. Lin, L. Wang, W. Guo, Y. Wang, J. Xiao, A. Hagfeldt, T. Ma, J. Phys. Chem. C 115, 22598 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. Wu, G. Yue, Y. Xiao, M. Huang, J. Lin, L. Fan, Z. Lan, J.-Y. Lin, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4, 6530 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    M. Wu, X. Lin, Y. Wang, L. Wang, W. Guo, D. Qi, X. Peng, A. Hagfeldt, M. Grätzel, T. Ma, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 3419 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    L. Wang, M. Wu, Y. Gao, T. Ma, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 221102 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    M. Wang, N. Chamberland, L. Breau, J.-E. Moser, R. Humphry-Baker, B. Marsan, S.M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, Nat. Chem. 2, 385 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. Burschka, V. Brault, S. Ahmad, L. Breau, M.K. Nazeeruddin, B. Marsan, S.M. Zakeeruddin, M. Grätzel, Energy Environ. Sci. 5, 6089 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    V.P.S. Perrera, K. Tennakone, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 79, 249 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    V.P.S. Perera, M.K.I. Senevirathna, P.K.D.D.P. Pitigala, K. Tennakone, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 86, 443 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    G.R.R.A. Kumaraa, A. Konnoa, G.K.R. Senadeera, P.V.C. Jayaweera, D.B.R.A.D. Silvab, K. Tennakone, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 69, 195 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    B. Lee, C.C. Stoumpos, N. Zhou, F. Hao, C. Malliakas, C.-Y. Yeh, T.J. Marks, M.G. Kanatzidis, R.P.H. Chang, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136, 15379 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    A. Kaltzoglou, M. Antoniadou, D. Perganti, E. Siranidi, V. Raptis, K. Trohidou, V. Psycharis, A.G. Kontos, P. Falaras, Electrochim. Acta 184, 466 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    M. Kulbak, S. Gupta, N. Kedem, I. Levine, T. Bendikov, G. Hodes, D. Cahen, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 7, 167 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    I. Chung, B. Lee, J. He, R.P.H. Chang, M.G. Kanatzidis, Nature 485, 486 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    G.E. Eperon, G.M. Paternò, R.J. Sutton, A. Zampetti, A.A. Haghighirad, F. Cacialli, H.J. Snaith, J. Mater. Chem. A 3, 19688 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    P. Luo, W. Xia, S. Zhou, L. Sun, J. Cheng, C. Xu, Y. Lu, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 7, 3603 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    J. Zhang, C. Yu, L. Wang, Y. Li, Y. Ren, K. Shum, Sci. Rep. 4, 6954 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    I. Chung, J.-H. Song, J. Im, J. Androulakis, C.D. Malliakas, H. Li, A.J. Freeman, J.T. Kenney, M.G. Kanatzidis, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 8579 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    F. Hao, C.C. Stoumpos, R.P.H. Chang, M.G. Kanatzidis, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136, 8094 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Y. Ogomi, A. Morita, S. Tsukamoto, T. Saitho, N. Fujikawa, Q. Shen, T. Toyoda, K. Yoshino, S.S. Pandey, T. Ma, S. Hayase, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 5, 1004 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    M. Anaya, J.P. Correa-Baena, G. Lozano, M. Saliba, P. Anguita, B. Roose, A. Abate, U. Steiner, M. Grätzel, M.E. Calvo, A. Hagfeldt, H. Míguez, J. Mater. Chem. A 4, 11214 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    G. Kresse, J. Furthmuller, Comput. Mater. Sci. 6, 15 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    P. Blöchl, Phys. Rev. B 50, 17953 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    J.P. Perdew, K. Burke, M. Ernzerhof, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3865 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    H.-J. Feng, T.R. Paudel, E.Y. Tsymbal, X.C. Zeng, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 137, 8227 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    E. Mosconi, P. Umari, F.D. Angelis, J. Mater. Chem. A 3, 9208 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pornpanarat Ardchongtong
    • 1
  • Pantiwa Kumlangwan
    • 1
  • Madsakorn Towannang
    • 2
  • Pitphichaya Suksangrat
    • 2
  • Pornjuk Srepusharawoot
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • Narid Prachumrak
    • 6
  • Pawinee Klangtakai
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • Samuk Pimanpang
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
    • 7
  • Vinich Promarak
    • 8
  • Vittaya Amornkitbamrung
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Materials Science and Nanotechnology Program, Faculty of ScienceKhon Kean UniversityKhon KaenThailand
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceKhon Kean UniversityKhon KaenThailand
  3. 3.Nanotec-KKU Center of Excellence on Advanced Nanomaterials for Energy Production and StorageKhon KaenThailand
  4. 4.Integrated Nanotechnology Research CenterKhon Kaen UniversityKhon KaenThailand
  5. 5.Thailand Center of Excellence in PhysicsCommission on Higher EducationBangkokThailand
  6. 6.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceUdon Thani Rajabhat UniversityUdon ThaniThailand
  7. 7.Department of Physics, Faculty of ScienceSrinakharinwirot UniversityBangkokThailand
  8. 8.School of Molecular Science and EngineeringVidyasirimedhi Institute of Science and EngineeringRayongThailand

Personalised recommendations