Effects of α-Al2O3 nanoparticles-doped on microstructure and properties of Sn–0.3Ag–0.7Cu low-Ag solder
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In order to enhance the properties of Sn–0.3Ag–0.7Cu low-Ag solder, α-Al2O3 nanoparticles with various content (0–0.5 wt%) were successfully doped into the solder paste with a self-designed dispersion step. After comprehensive study of the microstructures and properties of the novel nano-composite solder, several satisfactory modified results can be obtained. For instance, the wettability of solder was greatly improved with trace amount of α-Al2O3 nanoparticles-doped. The superior wettability was achieved by Sn–0.3Ag–0.7Cu–0.12Al2O3 solder with spreading area approaching to ~ 79 mm2. Detailed thermodynamic and kinetic analysis of how α-Al2O3 nanoparticles promoting the processes of solder wetting and spreading on Cu substrate were given. In addition, the joint soldered with Sn–0.3Ag–0.7Cu–0.12Al2O3 displayed the highest shear force (57.1 N) with a typical ductile fracture failure mode. This relates to the evidently refined microstructure as well as the well-controlled growth of interfacial Cu6Sn5 IMCs. Corresponding theoretical analysis shows 0.12 wt% Al2O3 nanoparticles-doped can decrease the growth rate constant of interfacial Cu6Sn5 IMCs from 5.08 × 10−10 to 1.71 × 10−10 cm2/s.
This project is supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51675269) and the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD).
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