Magnetic characterization and charge state of nonmagnetic ion-substituted YMn0.8Fe0.2O3

  • Yan Ma
  • Yu Chen
  • Zhoufu Wang
  • Xitang Wang
  • Hao Liu


The structure, magnetic properties and charge state of Al/Bi-substituted YMn0.8Fe0.2O3 were investigated. The Y(Mn0.8Fe0.2)0.95Al0.05O3 and Y0.95Bi0.05Mn0.8Fe0.2O3 solid solutions all exhibited the hexagonal P63cm space group, similar to YMnO3. The magnetic structures of Al-substituted YMn0.8Fe0.2O3 were not uniform, and were predominantly antiferromagnetic with weak ferromagnetic properties at low temperatures. The ratios Mn2+:Mn3+ and Fe2+:Fe3+ noticeably decreased upon Al substitution in YMn0.8Fe0.2O3, and the magnetic transition temperature was reduced dramatically. The cluster glass state behavior observed in Y(Mn0.8Fe0.2)0.95Al0.05O3 was absent in the case of Y0.95Bi0.05Mn0.8Fe0.2O3, which indicated weakened ferromagnetic interactions in the latter. This may be related to the decreased oxygen content in Y0.95Bi0.05Mn0.8Fe0.2O3. Bismuth substitution can strengthen the antiferromagnetic interactions in YMn0.8Fe0.2O3.



The present work financially supported by China Scholarship Council (CSC, No. 201708420003), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51202169 and 51672195), and the Youth Found of the State Key Laboratory of Refractories and Metallurgy (No. 2016QN12). The authors would acknowledge Professor Gary J. Cheng in Purdue University for his kind help in paper writing.


  1. 1.
    Y.-H. Chu, L.W. Martin, M.B. Holcomb, M. Gajek, S.-J. Han, Q. He, N. Balke, C.-H. Yang, D. Lee, W. Hu, Q. Zhan, P.-L. Yang, A. Fraile-Rodriguez, A. Scholl, S.X. Wang, R. Ramesh, Nat. Mater. 7, 478–482 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    S.-W. Cheong, M. Mostovoy, Nat. Mater. 6, 13–20 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. Ramesh, N.A. Spaldin, Nat. Mater. 6, 21–29 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Y.J. Wu, L.H. Tang, H.L. Li, X.M. Chen, J. Alloys Compd. 496, 269–272 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Fiebig, T. Lottermoser, D. Frohlich, A.V. Goltsev, R.V. Pisarev, Nature 419, 818–820 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. Namdeo, S.S. Ra, S.D. Kaushik, V. Siruguri, A.M. Awasthi, J. Appl. Phys. 116, 024105 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Y. Aikawa, T. Katsufuji, T. Arima, K. Kato, Phys. Rev. B 71, 184418 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    N. Kumar, A. Gaur, G.D. Varma, J. Alloys Compd. 509, 1060–1064 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Y. Ma, Y.J. Wu, X.M. Chen, J.P. Cheng, Y.Q. Lin, Ceram. Int. 35, 3051–3055 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. Park, M. Kang, J. Kim, S. Lee, K.-H. Jang, A. Pirogov, J.-G. Park, Phys. Rev. B 79, 064417 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    S. Zhou, S.-Y. Mao, Z.-X. Xie, L.-S. Zheng, Sens. Actuators B 156, 23–27 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    F. Wan, X. Lin, X. Bai, X. Han, K. Song, J. Zheng, C. Cao, J. Mater. Sci. 27, 3082–3087 (2016)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    F. Wan, X. Bai, K. Song, X. Lin, X. Han, J. Zheng, C. Cao, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 424, 371–375 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    B.B. Van Aken, J.W.G. Bos, R.A. Groot, T.T.M. Palstra, Phys. Rev. B 63, 125127 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    A.M. Zhang, W.H. Zhu, X.S. Wu, B. Qing, J. Cryst. Growth 318, 912–915 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Y. Ma, X. Wang, Z. Wang, Q. Zou, H. Liu, Z. Xia, M. Qin, Ferroelectrics 489, 11–18 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    T. Choi, J. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 5043 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Y. Ma, X.M. Chen, Y.J. Wu, Y.Q. Lin, Ceram. Int. 36, 727–731 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Y. Ma, X.T. Wang, Z.F. Wang, H. Liu, Z. Wang, C.Y. Yang, Q. Zou, W.W. Zeng, J. Mater. Sci. 26, 398–404 (2015)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Q. Zou, Y. Ma, X. Wang, Z. Wang, H. Liu, C. Yang, J. Mater. Sci. 28, 2107–2112 (2017)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Y. Ma, X.T. Wang, Z.F. Wang, H. Liu, Z. Wang, Q. Zou, C.Y. Yang, Z.T. Zhang, W.W. Zeng, J. Mater. Sci. 26, 8581–8587 (2015)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    M. Zaghrioui, J.M. Greneche, C. Autret-Lambert, M. Gervais, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 323, 509–514 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The State Key Laboratory of Refractories and MetallurgyWuhan University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina
  2. 2.School of Industrial EngineeringPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

Personalised recommendations