In this work, Gd(P0.5V0.5)O4: x at.% Eu3+ phosphors with different dopant concentrations (x = 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9) were synthesized through chemical coprecipitation method. The phosphors were characterized by XRD, SEM, infrared spectroscopy, photoluminescence excitation, emission spectra and CIE. The results of XRD indicate that the obtained phosphors have the tetragonal phase structure. Eu3+ emission transitions arise mainly from the 5D0 level to the 7FJ (J = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4) manifolds. The emission intensity and crystalline of Gd(P0.5V0.5)O4:x at% Eu3+ powders are increasing with annealing temperature at 600, 800, 1000, 1100, and 1200 °C, respectively. The introduction of VO43− can broaden the range of UV excitation spectrum wavelength and enhance the transition between 5D0 → 7F1 to 5D0 → 7F2 for long wavelength emission. And the most dominant emission peak of Eu3+ for 5D0 → 7F2 transition is closer to pure red light at 622 nm. The maximum emission intensity of the phosphors is the concentration of 6 at.% Eu3+ because of the distance of the neighbor Eu3+ ions reaching a certain critical value and the influence of multipolar interaction. Compared to commercial phosphors Y2O3:Eu3+ and (Y,Gd)BO3:Eu3+, our work yielded a longer wavelength red light emission intensity and a higher proportion of red light to orange light. All our results indicate that color purity of this phosphor turns it into a promising red phosphor in ultraviolet-pumped light-emitting diodes.
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Financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11374170 and 11204148), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2015M580573), the Applied Basic Research Programs for Youths of Qingdao (Grant No. 15-9-1-52-JCH), the Qingdao Postdoctoral Application Research Project (Grant No. 2015127) and the open project of State Key Laboratory of rare earth resource utilization (RERU2016015) are gratefully acknowledged. The author also would like to thank the Taishan Scholar Program of Shandong Province, China.
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