Influence of CuO nanoparticles and graphene nanoplatelets on the sensing behaviour of poly(vinyl alcohol) nanocomposites for the detection of ethanol and propanol vapors

  • Gounder J. Thangamani
  • Kalim Deshmukh
  • K. Chidambaram
  • M. Basheer Ahamed
  • Kishor Kumar Sadasivuni
  • Deepalekshmi Ponnamma
  • Muhammad Faisal
  • N. Arunai Nambiraj
  • S. K. Khadheer Pasha
Article
  • 91 Downloads

Abstract

Poly(vinyl alcohol)/copper oxide/graphene nanoplatelets (PVA/CuO/Gr-NPls) nanocomposite based chemiresistive alcohol sensors were fabricated using colloidal blending method. The PVA/CuO/Gr-NPls nanocomposite films were characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, UV–Vis spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy, atomic force microscopy and the sensing behaviour of PVA/CuO/Gr-NPls nanocomposite films was evaluated for volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The improvement in the thermal, mechanical and VOCs sensing properties of nanocomposite film was observed attributing to the homogeneity of the nanocomposites and strong interfacial interaction between Gr-NPls, CuO and PVA matrix. The sensors were analyzed in the concentration range from 1800 to 4000 ppm. It was observed that PVA/CuO/Gr-NPls nanocomposite film exhibited excellent propanol sensing at a room temperature, typically at an applied voltage of 10 V when compared with other VOCs. Thus, the strong interaction between CuO and Gr-NPls helps in achieving excellent reinforcement effect in a PVA matrix for fabrication of high performance nanocomposite films for VOC’s sensing applications.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Gounder Thangamani J (GTJ) is grateful to the management of VIT University, Vellore for providing Research Associateship (RA) to carrying out this research work and the Department of Physics, School of Advanced Sciences, VIT University, Vellore, India, for providing the XRD, TGA and UV–Vis Spectroscopy. GTJ is also grateful to Dr. Kalim Deshmukh from Department of Physics, B. S. Abdur Rahman Crescent Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai-600048, TN, India for valuable suggestions and technical inputs during this work.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gounder J. Thangamani
    • 1
  • Kalim Deshmukh
    • 2
  • K. Chidambaram
    • 1
  • M. Basheer Ahamed
    • 2
  • Kishor Kumar Sadasivuni
    • 3
  • Deepalekshmi Ponnamma
    • 4
  • Muhammad Faisal
    • 5
  • N. Arunai Nambiraj
    • 6
  • S. K. Khadheer Pasha
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of Physics, School of Advanced SciencesVIT UniversityVelloreIndia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsB.S. Abdur Rahman Crescent Institute of Science and TechnologyChennaiIndia
  3. 3.Mechanical and Industrial Engineering DepartmentQatar UniversityDohaQatar
  4. 4.Center for Advanced MaterialsQatar UniversityDohaQatar
  5. 5.Department of Science and HumanitiesPES Institute of TechnologyBangaloreIndia
  6. 6.Centre for Biomaterials Cellular & Molecular Theranostics (CBCMT)VIT UniversityVelloreIndia
  7. 7.Department of PhysicsVIT-AP UniversityGunturIndia

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