Construction and nonlinear optical characterization of CuO quantum dots doped Na2O–CaO–B2O3–SiO2 bulk glass
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The spherical shape copper oxide (CuO) quantum dots (QDs) were successfully fabricated via copper basic calcium sodium borosilicate (Na2O–CaO–B2O3–SiO2) precursor obtained with a facile sol–gel technique. The microstructural analysis of doped QDs are systemically characterized, such as transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and X-ray photo-electron spectroscopy. And the results reveal that the CuO QDs with the small size are well dispersed doped in sodium calcium borosilicate glass. Remarkably, the CuO glass materials exhibit the good third-order optical nonlinear susceptibility χ(3) (1.379 × 10−12 esu), which was investigated by femto-second Z-scan technique at the wavelength of 1550 nm, pulse duration of 50 fs, repetition rate of 50 MHz. The glass hybrids displayed a reverse saturable absorption and self-focusing refraction performance. And the mechanism to explain the third-order nonlinearity of CuO glass may be predominantly originated from the surface plasmon resonance effect, the quantum confinement effect and partly from the thermal effect. Besides, it is interesting that the glass hybrids have significant nonlinear absorption effects that endow the material to the potential value of the application of optical limiting device.
KeywordsNonlinear Optical Property Quantum Confinement Effect Nonlinear Refractive Index Surface Plasmon Resonance Peak Nonlinear Absorption Coefficient
This work was financially supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (51472183 and 51672192).
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