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Synthesis and lithium storage properties of vanadium oxide nanotubes (VOxNTs)-Polyaniline nanocomposite as cathode material for lithium ion batteries

  • Xiaowei Zhou
  • Taoling He
  • Xu Chen
  • Zhen Zhao
  • Xiaojiao Guo
  • Li Sun
  • Zhu Liu
Article

Abstract

A novel VOxNTs-Polyaniline nanocomposite was prepared by hydrothermal treatment and a wet-chemistry method. When this VOxNTs-Polyaniline was used as cathode material for lithium ion batteries (LIBs), it displayed much higher specific capacity and better cycling stability compared with the pristine VOxNTs. The improvement of electrochemical performance could be attributed to the effective removal of a large part of organic template without any electrochemical activity by cationic exchange process and the incorporation of polyaniline with good conductivity as well as lithium storage property in itself via chemical oxidative polymerization. Moreover, the polyaniline could also behave as a useful structural buffer, alleviating the strain during repeated Li+ intercalation/deintercalation and contributing to cyclic stability. It is hopeful to further improve its performance through the complete elimination of useless soft-template and increasing the crystallinity of active VOx, making this novel VOxNTs-Polyaniline a promising cathode candidate with high performance for LIBs.

Keywords

Polyaniline Cathode Material LiFePO4 Vanadium Oxide Organic Template 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

It is appreciated for the financial support from the Youth Project of Applied basic research of Yunnan Science and Technology Department (Grant No. 2015FD001) and the Young/Middle-aged Backbone Teacher Cultivating Scheme of Yunnan University. This work is also funded in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61366002, 61664009) and the High-end Scientific and Technological Talents Introduction Project of Yunnan Province (Grant No. 2013HA019).

Supplementary material

10854_2017_6895_MOESM1_ESM.doc (151 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 151 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsSchool of Physics and Astronomy, Yunnan UniversityKunmingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of HoustonHoustonUSA
  3. 3.Yunnan Key Laboratory of Micro/Nano-Materials and TechnologyYunnan UniversityKunmingPeople’s Republic of China

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