Influence of precursor source on sol–gel deposited ZnO thin films properties

  • T. Saidani
  • M. Zaabat
  • M. S. Aida
  • R. Barille
  • M. Rasheed
  • Y. Almohamed


Zinc oxide thin films were deposited by sol gel technique on glass substrates using different precursors (zinc acetate, zinc nitrate and zinc chloride). In the present work we investigate the precursor nature influence on structural, morphological, optical, electrical properties and photocatalytic activity of ZnO thin films. For this purpose we have used X-rays diffraction (XRD), atomic force microscopy (AFM), UV–visible spectroscopy and Hall effect measurements for films characterization. The obtained results indicated that ZnO films properties are strongly influenced by the nature of the used precursor as reactant. Films photocatalytic activity was evaluated by the photo-degradation of methylene blue (MB) dissolved in aqueous solution under UV-A light. The obtained results indicated that ZnO thin films prepared from zinc acetate are more efficient than those prepared from zinc nitrate and zinc chloride.


Methylene Blue Methylene Blue Zinc Acetate Zinc Nitrate Zinc Chloride 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work has been supported by the Laboratory of active components and materials University Larbi Ben M’hidi Oum El Bouaghi.


  1. 1.
    Y.R. Zhang, J. Wan, Y.U. Ke, J. Hazard. Mater. 177, 750 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Z. Han, L. Liao, Y. Wu, H. Pan, S. Shen, J. Chen, J. Hazard. Mater. 217–218, 100 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    T. Saidani, M. Zaabat, M.S. Aida, A. Benaboud, S. Benzitouni, A. Boudine, Superlattices Microstruct. 75, 47 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    F. Benharrats, K. Zitouni, A. Kadri, B. Gil, Superlattices Microstruct. 47, 592 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    L. Ma, X. Ai, X. Huang, S. Ma, Superlattices Microstruct. 50, 703 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. Liang, H. Sheng, Y. Liu, Z. Huo, Y. Lu, H. Shen, J. Cryst. Growth 225, 110 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Y.I. Alivov, Ü. Özgür, S. Do§an, D. Johnstone, V. Avrutin, N. Onojima, C. Liu, J. Xie, Q. Fan, H. Morkoç, P. Ruterana, Superlattices Microstruct. 38, 439 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    K.K. Banger, Y. Yamashita, K. Mori, R.L. Peterson, T. Leedham, J. Rickard, H. Sirringhaus, Nat. Mater. 10, 45 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    F. Chaabouni, M. Abaab, B. Rezig, Sensors Actuators B 100, 200 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    L. Ma, H. Fan, H. Tian, J. Fang, X. Qian, Sens. Actuators B 222, 508 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    H. Tian, H. Fan, M. Li, L. Ma, ACS Sensors 1(3), 243 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Z. Zhang, C. Bao, W. Yao, S. Ma, L. Zhang, S. Hou, Superlattices Microstruct. 49, 644 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    L. Gao, Q. Li, W.L. Luan, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85, 1016 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    P. Prepelita, R. Medianu, B. Sbarcea, F. Garoi, M. Filipescu, Appl. Surf. Sci. 256, 1807 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    K. Yoon-Duk, K.-C. Kim, Y.-S. Kim, Superlattices Microstruct. 51, 933 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Y. Zhang, T. Guo, Y.D. Luo, Y.H. Lin, C.W. Nan, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96(2), 361 (2013)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    S. Vijayalakshmi, S. Venkataraj, M. Subramanian, R. Jayavel, J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(035505), 1 (2008)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    C.Y. Kao, J.D. Liao, C.W. Chang, R.Y. Wang, Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 1813 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Y. Caglar, J. Alloys Compd. 560, 181 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    H.E. Camurlu, O. Kesmez, E. Burunkaya, N. Kiraz, Z. Yesil, M. Asilturk, E. Arpac, Chem. Pap. 66, 461 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    L. Malfatti, P. Innocenzi, J. Sol Gel. Sci. Technol. 60, 226 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    A. Javidan, M. Ramezani, A. Sobhani-Nasab, S.M. Hosseinpour-Mashkani, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 26, 3813 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    M. Ramezani, A. Sobhani-Nasab, S.M. Hosseinpour-Mashkani, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 26, 4848 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    G. Zheng, W. Shang, X. Linhua, S. Guo, Z. Zhou, Mater. Lett. 150, 1 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    P. Jongnavakit, P. Amornpitoksuk, S. Suwanboon, T. Ratana, Thin Solid Films 520, 5561 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    N. Kaneva, I. Stambolova, V. Blaskov, Y. Dimitriev, A. Bojinova, C. Dushkin, Surf. Coat. Technol. 207, 5 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    K. Thongsuriwong, P. Amornpitoksuk, S. Suwanboon, Adv. Powder Technol. 27, 796 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    J. Fang, H. Fan, G. Dong, Mater. Lett. 120, 147 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    J. Fang, Appl. Surf. Sci. 332, 47 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    L. Ma, H. Fan, J. Wang, Y. Zhao, H. Tian, G. Dong, Appl. Catal. B Environ. 190, 93 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    M. Salavati-Niasari, F. Soofivand, A. Sobhani-Nasab, M. Shakouri-Arani, A. Yeganeh Faal, S. Bagheri, Adv. Powder Technol. 27, 2066 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    K. Thongsuriwong, P. Amornpitoksuk, S. Suwanboon, Adv. Powder Technol. 24, 275 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    K. Ravichandranan, P.V. Rajkumara, B. Sakthivela, K. Swaminathanb, L. Chinnappac, Ceram. Int. 40, 12375 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    R. Anandhi, R. Mohan, K. Swaminathan, K. Ravichandran, Superlattices Microstruct. 51, 680 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    N. Lehraki, M.S. Aida, S. Abed, N. Attaf, A. Attaf, M. Poulain, Curr. Appl. Phys. 12, 1283 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    J.J. Tauc, in Amorphous and Liquid Semiconductor. (Plenum Press, New York, 1976Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    D. Li, H. Haneda, Chemosphere 51, 129 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    V. Bolis, B. Fubini, E. Giamello, J. Chem. Soc. Faraday Trans. 1(85), 855 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    M. Bowker, H. Houghton, K.C. Waugh, T. Giddings, M. Green, J. Catal. 84, 252 (1983)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    I. Daou, O. Zegaoui, A. Elghazouani, C.R. Chimie, 1, 47 (2016)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Active Components and MaterialsUniversity of Oum El BouaghiOum El BouaghiAlgeria
  2. 2.Laboratory of Thin Films and InterfaceUniversity of ConstantineConstantineAlgeria
  3. 3.Laboratoire Moltech Anjou Universite d’AngersAngersFrance

Personalised recommendations