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Strong piezoelectricity and multiferroicity in BiFeO3–BaTiO3–NdCoO3 lead-free piezoelectric ceramics with high Curie temperature for current sensing application

  • Yongquan Guo
  • Tao Wang
  • Dongliang Shi
  • Ping Xiao
  • Qiaoji Zheng
  • Chenggang Xu
  • Kwok Ho Lam
  • Dunmin Lin
Article

Abstract

Lead-free piezoelectric and multiferroic ceramics of BiFeO3–BaTiO3–NdCoO3 were synthesized by a conventional solid-state reaction method and the structural, piezoelectric, multiferroic and magnetoelectric properties of the materials were investigated. All the ceramics can be well sintered at a low sintering temperature of 980 °C for 2 h. The introduction of NdCoO3 into BiFeO3–BaTiO3 induces a dramatic enhancement in the piezoelectricity, multiferroicity and magnetoelectric effect of the materials. After the addition of 1.0–3.0 mol% NdCoO3, the ceramics possess a morphotropic phase boundary of rhombohedral and orthorhombic phases and exhibit high Curie temperature (~486–605 °C), strong piezoelectricity, good ferroelectricity and excellent temperature stability of piezoelectricity. The greatly enhanced magnetism with M r = 0.4229 emu/g and M s = 2.7186 emu/g is obtained in the ceramic with 8.0 mol% NdCoO3, almost six times larger than that of an undoped ceramic. The ceramic with 2.0 mol% NdCoO3 shows a strong magnetoelectric effect (α 33 = 750 mV cm−1 Oe−1). The practical application potential of the present materials has also been preliminarily demonstrated by mimicking current monitoring. Our results suggest that the present ceramics may have potential applications in advanced lead-free piezoelectric and/or multiferroic devices.

Keywords

BaTiO3 BiFeO3 Morphotropic Phase Boundary Electrical Insulation Magnetoelectric Effect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the projects of National Material Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51572178), Education Department of Sichuan Province (15ZB0032 and 15ZA0034), Science and Technology Bureau of Sichuan Province (2016JY0225). It was also partially supported from The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (1-ZVCG, 4-ZZDC).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yongquan Guo
    • 1
  • Tao Wang
    • 1
  • Dongliang Shi
    • 2
  • Ping Xiao
    • 1
  • Qiaoji Zheng
    • 1
  • Chenggang Xu
    • 1
  • Kwok Ho Lam
    • 2
  • Dunmin Lin
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Chemistry and Materials ScienceSichuan Normal UniversityChengduChina
  2. 2.Department of Electrical EngineeringThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityKowloonHong Kong

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