Optical properties and UV photoresponse of Na2x Zn1−x O thin film



Na2x Zn1−x O thin films were successfully synthesized on quartz glass substrates by sol–gel method. The effect of Na content on the microstructure, optical properties and UV photoresponse of the thin films was investigated using X-ray diffraction, optical absorbance, photoluminescence, and conductivity measurements. The results indicate that the Na0.04Zn0.98O thin film exhibits the strongest preferential c-axis orientation with a polycrystalline hexagonal wurtzite structure and has the largest optical band gap. An obvious decrease in crystal size has been observed with the increasing of Na content. A weak ultraviolet emission band at about 381 nm and a strong visible emission band have been observed in the photoluminescence spectra. The Na0.04Zn0.98O thin film has the shortest growth and decay time (45 and 18 s, respectively) and the largest photoresponse. The results indicate that the photoresponse can be effectively improved by means of moderate Na doping.


Monoethanol Amine Quartz Glass Substrate Ethylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether Deep Donor Level Visible Emission Band 
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This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51102072, 51472003, 51272001, 21201052, 51572002), Natural Science Foundation of Anhui Higher Education Institution of China (Nos. KJ2015ZD32, KJ2012Z336, KJ2013A224), Fund for “136” Talent of Hefei Normal University (No. 2014136KJB03), Fund of Hefei Normal University (No. 2015QN05).


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Electronic and Information EngineeringHefei Normal UniversityHefeiChina
  2. 2.School of Physics and Material ScienceAnhui UniversityHefeiChina
  3. 3.National Laboratory for Infrared Physics, Shanghai Institute of Technical PhysicsChinese Academy of SciencesShanghaiChina

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