Advertisement

Influence of the spray distance to substrate on optical properties of chemically sprayed ZnS thin films

  • Ahmad M. Al-Diabat
  • Naser M. Ahmed
  • M. R. Hashim
  • Khaled M. Chahrour
Article
  • 120 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, zinc sulfide (ZnS) nanostructures with different morphologies were effectively fabricated on glass substrates at 200 °C via spray pyrolysis. The Zn2+ and S2− ions were sourced from aqueous solutions of zinc acetate and thiourea, respectively. The samples were deposited at different spray distances (15, 20, 25, 30 and 35 cm) in order to examine the effect of spray distance on the optical and structure properties of synthesized ZnS nanostructures. Following the deposition procedure, the films were characterized using X-ray diffraction, UV–Vis–NIR spectrometry, photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy and field emission scanning electron microscopy. The crystallinity and morphology of the cubic ZnS films were found to vary with spray distance, where the average particle size appears to increase with the increasing spray distance. The highest absorption values were obtained for ZnS films crystallized at a spray distance of 30 cm. The PL analysis specified the presence of violet and green emissions, which are attributable to Zn and S vacancies. The band gap of the ZnS films was observed to decrease slightly from 3.82 to 3.30 eV with the increasing spray distance. The results indicate that the spraying distance affects the characteristics of ZnS nanostructures.

Keywords

Spray Pyrolysis Zinc Acetate Zinc Sulfide Spray Distance Zinc Blend 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge the financial support by the University Sains Malaysia fellowship and School of Physics, under Grant Nos. 1001/PFIZIK/811175 and 304/PFIZIK/6312076.

References

  1. 1.
    L. Li, R. Xie, Y. Gu, J. Huang, J. Zhu, Appl. Surf. Sci. 258, 5992 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    N.K. Abbas, K.T. Al-Rasoul, Z.J. Shanan, Int. J. Electrochem. Sci. 8, 3049 (2013)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. Pal, N. Mathews, E.R. Morales, J.G.y. Jiménez, X. Mathew, Opt. Mater. 35, 2664 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    V. Ramasamy, K. Praba, G. Murugadoss, Superlattices Microstruct. 51, 699 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    K. Ashwini, C. Pandurangappa, B. Nagabhushana, Phys. Scr. 85, 065706 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    F. Rahman, M. Zahan, J. Podder, Sens. Transducers 149, 54 (2013)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    D. Ayodhya, M. Venkatesham, A.S. Kumari, K.G. Mangatayaru, G. Veerabhadram, IOSR J. Appl. Chem. 6, 1 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    T. Zhai, L. Li, Y. Ma, M. Liao, X. Wang, X. Fang, J. Yao, Y. Bando, D. Golberg, Chem. Soc. Rev. 40, 2986 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    P.-C. Tsai, I. Pai, and H. Shieh, in Photovoltaic Specialists Conference (PVSC), 2012 38th IEEE, p. 001992Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Z.Y. Zhong, E.S. Cho, S.J. Kwon, Mater. Chem. Phys. 135, 287 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    C. Pathak, D. Mishra, V. Agarwala, M. Mandal, Ceram. Int. 38, 5497 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    R. Viswanath, H.B. Naik, G.Y. Kumar, P.P. Kumar, G.A. Kumar, R. Praveen, J. Lumin. 153, 446 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    H. Hennayaka, H.S. Lee, Thin Solid Films 548, 86 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    A.A. Yousif, A.A. Jasib, Int. J. Innov. Sci. Eng. Technol. 2, 3 (2015)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    K.B. Bacha, A. Timoumi, N. Bitri, H. Bouzouita, Optik-Int. J. Light Electron Opt. 126, 3020 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    X. Zeng, S.S. Pramana, S.K. Batabyal, S.G. Mhaisalkar, X. Chen, K. Jinesh, PCCP 15, 6763 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    S.S. Kumar, M.A. Khadar, S. Dhara, T. Ravindran, K. Nair, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 251, 435 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Nano-Optoelectronics Research and Technology Laboratory, School of PhysicsUniversiti Sains Malaysia, USMPenangMalaysia
  2. 2.Institute of Nano-Optoelectronics Research & Technology Laboratory (INOR), School of PhysicsUniversiti Sains Malaysia, USMPenangMalaysia

Personalised recommendations