Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics

, Volume 27, Issue 9, pp 9683–9689 | Cite as

On the use of non-MPB lead zirconium titanate (PZT) granules for piezoelectric ceramic–polymer sensorial composites

  • Amal Shaji Karapuzha
  • Nijesh Kunnamkuzhakkal James
  • Sybrand van der Zwaag
  • Wilhelm Albert Groen


Modern flexible and sensitive sensors based on polymer–ceramic composites employ lead zirconate titanate (PZT) granulates having the morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) composition as the piezo active ingredient, as this composition gives the best properties in fully ceramic piezoelectric sensors. In this study, the possibility of using PZT granulates with compositions, which are not in the MPB region of the PZT phase diagram was investigated. Random 0–3 PZT–epoxy composites were prepared for the complete composition range of PZT ceramics [Pb(ZrxTi(1−x))0.99Nb0.01O3] with x ranging from x = 0 to x = 0.80. Piezoelectric and dielectric properties of such composites were systematically studied. It is shown that the highest voltage sensitivity (i.e. g33) of the piezoelectric composites is obtained for composition with much lower Zr levels (x < 0.1) than the MPB composition. The shift in optimal composition is related to shift in dielectric constant of PZT as a function of the Zr concentration.


Dielectric Constant Piezoelectric Property Epoxy Composite Morphotropic Phase Boundary Effective Dielectric Constant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was financially supported by the Smartmix funding program (Grant No. SMVA06071), as part of the “Smart systems based on integrated Piezo” program. The authors gratefully acknowledge the technical support provided by Dr. I. Katsouras of the Max-Planck Institute for Polymer Research at Mainz for the hysteresis loop measurements.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amal Shaji Karapuzha
    • 1
  • Nijesh Kunnamkuzhakkal James
    • 1
  • Sybrand van der Zwaag
    • 1
  • Wilhelm Albert Groen
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Novel Aerospace Materials Group, Faculty of Aerospace EngineeringDelft University of TechnologyDelftThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Holst Centre, TNOEindhovenThe Netherlands

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