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3D NiS dendritic arrays on nickel foam as binder-free electrodes for supercapacitors

  • Yan Zhang
  • Jie Xu
  • Yingjiu Zhang
  • Xiaoyang Hu
Article

Abstract

In this work, we have successfully fabricated unique three-dimensional (3D) dendritic NiS nanosheet arrays on nickel foam (NiS–Ni) through a simple solution method, oxidizing fresh nickel foam under a heat treatment and following a sulfidation process without the need for any additional nickel sources, surfactant, or templates. The morphology of the NiS–Ni was observed by SEM and TEM, while the crystallinity was revealed by XRD pattern. When tested as the electrode for supercapacitors, the NiS dendritic arrays grown on nickel foam display excellent performance, demonstrating the specific capacity of 465.9 F g−1 at the current density of 1 A g−1. After 7000 cycles, the NiS–Ni electrode can maintain 101.79 % of its highest value, which demonstrates its superior cycle stability performance. Also, the NiS–Ni electrode exhibits high capacity retention when fast charging. These results establish that the NiS–Ni binder-free electrode exhibits greatly improved electrochemical performance with high capacitance and excellent cycling stability.

Keywords

Specific Capacity Nickel Foam Electrical Double Layer Capacitor Excellent Cycling Stability Dendritic Array 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The present work is financially supported by the Key Scientific and Technological Project of Henan Province, China (No. 082101510007).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics and Laboratory of Materials PhysicsZhengzhou UniversityZhengzhouChina
  2. 2.Department of Science of CollegeHenan Institute of EngineeringZhengzhouChina

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