Synthesis, characterization and optical properties of gadolinium doped copper ferrite nanoparticles prepared by novel sol–gel method

  • Ruhollah Talebi


Gadolinium doped copper ferrite nanoparticles were successfully synthesized by via a novel sol–gel method with the aid of copper (II) nitrate, iron (III) nitrate, gadolinium (III) nitrate and starch without adding external surfactant. Moreover, starch plays role as capping agent, reducing agent, and natural template in the synthesis CuFe2−xGdxO4 nanoparticles. The as-synthesized CuFe2−xGdxO4 nanoparticles were characterized by means of several techniques such as X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis and UV–Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The magnetic properties of as-prepared CuFe2−xGdxO4 nanoparticles were also investigated with vibrating sample magnetometer. To evaluate the photocatalyst properties of nanocrystalline CuFe2−xGdxO4, the photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange under ultraviolet light irradiation was carried out.


Photocatalytic Activity Photocatalytic Degradation Methyl Orange Energy Dispersive Spectrometry CuFe2O4 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Authors are grateful to council of University of Central Tehran for providing financial support to undertake this work.


  1. 1.
    Z. Khayat Sarkar, F. Khayat Sarkar, Int. J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 7, 197 (2011)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Najafi, H. Haratizadeh, M. Ghezellou, J. NanoStruct. 5, 129 (2015)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. Ahmadzadeh, M. Almasi-Kashia, A. Ramazani, J. NanoStruct. 5, 97 (2015)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    F.S. Ghoreishi, V. Ahmadi, M. Samadpourc, J. NanoStruct. 3, 453 (2013)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. Moshtaghia, D. Ghanbarib, M. Salavati-Niasari, J. NanoStruct. 5, 169 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Rahdar, M. Aliahmad, Y. Azizi, J. NanoStruct. 5, 145 (2015)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. Rahnamaeiyan, R. Talebi, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 27, 304 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    P. Bakhshaei, A. Ataie, H. Abdizadeh, J. NanoStruct. 3, 403 (2013)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    R. RaeisiShahraki, M. Ebrahimi, J. NanoStruct. 2, 413 (2013)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. Shakib Nahad, G. Mohammadi Ziarani, A. Badiei, A. Bananc, J. NanoStruct. 3, 395 (2013)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. Safaei-Ghomi, S. Zahedi, M. Javid, M.A. Ghasemzadeh, J. NanoStruct. 5, 153 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    M.V. Berkovsky, F.V. Medvedev, S.M. Krakov, Magnetic Fluids: Engineering Applications (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1993)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    M.H. Kryder, MRS Bull. 21, 17 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    A.P. Alivisatos, Science 271, 933 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    K.V.P.M. Shafi, A. Gedanken, R. Prozorov, J. Balogh, Chem. Mater. 10, 3445 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Y. Zhu, L.P. Stubbs, F. Ho et al., ChemCatChem 2, 365 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    E. Casbeer, V.K. Sharma, X.Z. Li, Sep. Purif. Technol. 87, 1 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    H. Zhang, G. Chen, D.W. Bahnemann, J. Mater. Chem. 19, 5089 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    P.D. Stevens, J. Fan, H.M.R. Gardimalla, M. Yen, Y. Gao, Org. Lett. 7, 2085 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    E.L. Salabas, F. Sch¨uth, Angew Chem 46, 1222 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    M.A.G. Soler, E.C.D. Lima, S.W. Da Silva et al., Langmuir 23, 9611 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    V.F. Puntes, K.M. Krishnan, A.P. Alivisatos, Science 291, 2115 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    H. Kyung, J. Lee, W. Choi, Environ. Sci. Technol. 39, 2376 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    H. Zollinger, Color Chemistry: Synthesis, Properties and Applications of Organic Dyes and Pigments (VCH Publishers, New York, NY, 1987)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    H. Lachheb, E. Puzenat, A. Houas et al., Appl. Catal. B 39, 75 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    W.S. Kuo, P.H. Ho, Chemosphere 45, 77 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    S. Vaidyanathan, K.R. Ryan, E.W. Eduardo, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 45, 2187 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    D.L. Liao, B.Q. Liao, J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 187, 363 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Young Researchers and Elite Club, Central Tehran BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran

Personalised recommendations