Investigation of the structural, optical and magnetic properties of nickel ferrite nanoparticles synthesized through modified sol–gel method



Nickel ferrite nanoparticles were successfully synthesized by through modify sol–gel method with the aid of nickel (II) nitrate, iron (III) nitrate, and lactose without adding external surfactant. Moreover, lactose plays role as capping agent, reducing agent, and natural template in the synthesis of NiFe2O4 nanoparticles. The as-synthesized NiFe2O4 nanoparticles were characterized by means of several techniques such as X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis and UV–Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The magnetic properties of as-prepared NiFe2O4 nanoparticles were also investigated with vibrating sample magnetometer. To evaluate the photocatalyst properties of nanocrystalline NiFe2O4, the photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange under ultraviolet light irradiation was carried out.


Photocatalytic Activity Photocatalytic Degradation Methyl Orange NiFe2O4 Energy Dispersive Spectrometry Analysis 



Authors are grateful to council of University of South Tehran for providing financial support to undertake this work.


  1. 1.
    A. Abedini, S. Khademolhoseini, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 27, 330 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    P. Bakhshaei, A. Ataie, H. Abdizadeh, J. NanoStruct. 3, 403 (2013)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. Rahimi-Nasarabadi, J. NanoStruct. 4, 211 (2014)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Najafi, H. Haratizadeh, M. Ghezellou, J. NanoStruct. 5, 129 (2015)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Ahmadzadeh, M. Almasi-Kashia, A. Ramazani, J. NanoStruct. 5, 97 (2015)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    F.S. Ghoreishi, V. Ahmadi, M. Samadpourc, J. NanoStruct. 3, 453 (2013)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. Rahimi-Nasrabadi, S.M. Pourmortazavi, M.R. Ganjali, Mater. Manuf. Process. 30, 34 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Rahimi-Nasrabadi, S.M. Pourmortazavi, M.R. Ganjali, S.S. Hajimirsadeghi, M.M. Zahedi, J. Mol. Struct. 10, 31 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Moshtaghia, D. Ghanbarib, M. Salavati-Niasari, J. NanoStruct. 5, 169 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. Rahdar, M. Aliahmad, Y. Azizi, J. NanoStruct. 5, 145 (2015)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. Safaei-Ghomi, S. Zahedi, M. Javid, M.A. Ghasemzadeh, J. NanoStruct. 5, 153 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    I.C. Nlebedim, N. Ranvah, P.I. Williams, Y. Melikhov, J.E. Snyder, A.J. Moses, D.C. Jiles, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 322, 1929 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    G. Schmid, Nanoparticles: from Theory to Application (Wiley, New York, 2004)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. Bardhan, C.K. Ghosh, M.K. Mitra, G.C. Das, S. Mukherjee, K.K. Chattopadhyay, Solid State Sci. 12, 839 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    R.M. Mohamed, M.M. Rashad, F.A. Haraz, W. Sigmund, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 322, 2058 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    K. Maaz, A. Mumtaz, S.K. Hasanain, A. Ceylan, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 308, 289 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    X.M. Liu, S.Y. Fu, L.P. Zhu, J. Solid State Chem. 180, 461 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Y. Cheng, Y. Zheng, Y. Wang, F. Bao, Y. Qin, J. Solid State Chem. 178, 2394 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    P. Lavela, J.L. Tirado, J. Power Sources 172, 379 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    M. George, A.M. John, S.S. Naira, P.A. Joy, M.R. Anantharaman, J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 302, 190 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. Baykal, N. Kasapoglu, Y. Koseoglu, M.S. Toprak, H. Bayrakdar, J. Alloys Compd. 464, 514 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    B. Baruwati, S.V. Manorama, Mater. Chem. Phys. 112, 631 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    S. Vivekanandhan, M. Venkateswarlu, N. Satyanarayana, Mater. Lett. 58, 2717 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    M. Salavati-Niasari, F. Davar, T. Mahmoudi, Polyhedron 28, 1455 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    N.S. Gajbhiye, S. Prasad, Thermochim. Acta 285, 325 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    R. Raeisi Shahraki, M. Ebrahimi, J. NanoStruct. 2, 413 (2013)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    M. Shakib Nahad, G. Mohammadi Ziarani, A. Badiei, A. Bananc, J. NanoStruct. 3, 395 (2013)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Young Researchers and Elite Club, Science and Research BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Young Researchers and Elite Club, South Tehran BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTehranIran

Personalised recommendations