Effect of γ-Al2O3 additives on the microstructure of Y2O3 ceramics



This paper reported the fabrication of Y2O3 transparent ceramics with γ-Al2O3 doped as the sintering aid under vacuum using the co-precipitated Y2O3 powders as raw materials. The different concentrations of γ-Al2O3 were employed for investigating the effect on the microstructures and densities of Y2O3 ceramics. The doped sintering aid could achieve fine microstructure and high density. The average grain sizes were around 25 μm, and the relative densities were all above 98.5 %. The best sample was achieved with 0.08 wt% γ-Al2O3 when sintered at 1850 °C for 8 h. And the grain size and relative density were 25 μm and 99.47 %, respectively.


Relative Density Y2O3 Volume Shrinkage Shrinkage Rate Ammonia Water 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors acknowledge the generous financial support from Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions (PAPD), and National Natural Science Foundation of China (51402133, 51302115, and 51202111).


  1. 1.
    H. Eilers, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 27(16), 4711 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J.R. Lu, J.H. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A.A. Kaminskii, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(12A), 1277 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    C. Greskovich, S. Duclos, Annu. Rev. Mater. Sci. 27, 69 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. Zhang, L. An, M. Liu, S. Shimai, S. Wang, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 29(2), 305 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    J.R. Lu, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, A. Shirakawa, M. Musha, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A.A. Kaminskii, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41(12A), 1373 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. Wang, D. Chen, E.H. Jordan, M. Gell, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(11), 3535 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. Wang, R. Zuo, S. Qi, L. Liu, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 23(3), 753 (2012)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A.J. Rulison, R.C. Flagan, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 77(12), 3244 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    P.K. Sharma, M.H. Jilavi, R. Nar, H. Schmidt, J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 17(10), 823 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Z. Huang, W. Guo, B.J. Fei, J.T. Li, Y.G. Cao, Mater. Res. Innov. 17(2), 73 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Y. Liu, X. Qin, H. Xin, C. Song, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 33(13–14), 2625 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    W.J. Li, H. Lin, H. Teng, N. Liu, Y.K. Li, X.R. Hou, T.T. Jia, S.M. Zhou, Chin. J. Inorg. Chem. 26(4), 687 (2010)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Y. Shi, J.Y. Chen, J.L. Shi, Mater. Sci. Forum 492–493, 101 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    H.J. Wu, T.C. Lu, N. Wei, Z.W. Lu, X.T. Chen, Y.B. Guan, Y. Zhao, J.Q. Qi, Q.W. Shi, X.M. Xie, W. Zhang, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 26(4), 2451 (2015)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Q. Yi, S. Zhou, H. Teng, H. Lin, X. Hou, T. Jia, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 32(2), 381 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Q. Lu, Q. Yang, C. Jiang, S. Lu, Y. Yuan, Q. Liu, B. Lu, Opt. Mater. 37, 115 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    X. Hou, S. Zhou, T. Jia, H. Lin, H. Teng, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 5(5), 733 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    X. Hou, S. Zhou, W. Li, Y. Li, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 30(15), 3125 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    B.K. Jang, S. Kim, Y.S. Oh, H.T. Kim, Y. Sakka, H. Murakami, J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 119(1396), 929 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    C. Marlot, E. Barraud, S. Le Gallet, M. Eichhorn, F. Bernard, J. Solid State Chem. 191(7), 114 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    N. Wang, X. Zhang, G. Qiu, H. Sun, Q. Liu, X. Mi, X. Wang, J. Rare Earths 28(2), 232 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    J.M. Luo, Z.C. Zhong, J.L. Xu, Mater. Res. Bull. 47(12), 4283 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    O. Yeheskel, I.C. Albayrak, B. Anasori, M.W. Barsoum, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 31(9), 1703 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Materials Science and EngineeringNanjing Tech UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Advanced Laser Materials and Devices, School of Physics and Electronic EngineeringJiangsu Normal UniversityXuzhouChina

Personalised recommendations