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Role of strain and lattice distortion on ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties of bismuth magnesium zirconate substituted sodium bismuth titanate ceramics

  • D. E. Jain Ruth
  • B. Sundarakannan
Article

Abstract

Effect of weak ferroelectric perovskite, bismuth magnesium zirconate [Bi(Mg0.5Zr0.5)O3] substitution in lead-free sodium bismuth titanate [(Na0.5Bi0.5)TiO3] ceramics is studied. Influence of substitution on intrinsic and extrinsic contribution and impact on ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties are investigated. Improved spontaneous polarization (Ps), increased remnant polarization (Pr), decreased coercive field (Ec) and high piezoelectric coefficient (d33) are obtained for x = 0.01 mole fraction of Bi(Mg0.5Zr0.5)O3 substitution due to decrease in rhombohedral lattice distortion and homogeneous strain. Small rhombohedral lattice distortion (δr) and minimum homogeneous strain (δ) are the primary intrinsic parameters which favours the extrinsic parameters such as mobility of non-180° domain reorientation, domain switching and domain wall motion. Enhanced mobility softens the coercive field and increases remnant polarization to maximum. Reduced rhombohedral lattice distortion, low strain and enhanced mobility are the key factors for enhanced piezoelectric constant, highest remnant polarization and decreased coercive field in non-MPB (1 − x)(Na0.5Bi0.5)TiO3xBi(Mg0.5Zr0.5)O3 solid solutions.

Keywords

Piezoelectric Property Coercive Field Piezoelectric Coefficient Remnant Polarization Domain Switching 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi, India funding agency for the financial support under the Grant No. 03/(1238)/12/EMR-II.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsManonmaniam Sundaranar UniversityTirunelveliIndia

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