Photoelectrochemical water splitting performance of flower like ZnO nanostructures synthesized by a novel chemical method

  • Subramaniam Sohila
  • Ramesh Rajendran
  • Zahira Yaakob
  • Mohd Asri Mat Teridi
  • Kamaruzzaman Sopian


A flower like ZnO nanostructures are synthesized using by a novel chemical method without using any precipitating agent. Structural, morphological and optical properties are studied using powder XRD, FE-SEM, TEM and UV–Vis. spectroscopy measurements. The synthesized flower like ZnO nanostructures are in single hexagonal wurtzite phase with good crystalline nature. The average size of the flower like ZnO nanostructures is 50 nm visualized from FESEM images, which composed of 5 nm ZnO spherical nanoparticles. The formation mechanism for a flower like ZnO nanostructures are discussed in detail. Optical absorption spectrum of ZnO nanoflower showed a band gap of 3.25 eV. Photoelectrochemical water splitting performance is evaluated by current density measurement for different applied voltage. The improved photocurrent density is shown as 0.39 mA/cm at 0.6 V versus Ag/AgCl under simulated solar irradiation.


Zinc Acetate FESEM Image Simulated Solar Radiation Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting Maximum Photocurrent Density 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This project is financed by Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia under Grant DIP-2014-011 and FRGS/2/2013/ST01/UKM/01/1.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Subramaniam Sohila
    • 1
    • 3
  • Ramesh Rajendran
    • 2
    • 4
  • Zahira Yaakob
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mohd Asri Mat Teridi
    • 2
  • Kamaruzzaman Sopian
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built EnvironmentUniversiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, UKMBangiMalaysia
  2. 2.Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI)Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, UKMBangiMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of Physics and Nanotechnology, Centre for Material Science and Nano DevicesSRM UniversityKattankulathur, ChennaiIndia
  4. 4.Department of PhysicsPeriyar UniversitySalemIndia

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