Phase transitional behavior and enhanced electrical properties of Bi(Sc3/4In1/4)O3–PbTiO3 by small content Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 modification



(0.98 − x)Bi(Sc3/4In1/4)O3xPbTiO3–0.02Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3 (BSI–xPT–PMN, x = 0.56–0.60) ternary solid solutions near the morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) have been designed and prepared using the two-step columbite precursor method. Microstructural morphology, phase transition, and electrical properties of the BSI–xPT–PMN ceramics were investigated in detail. X-ray powder diffraction analysis indicated that the BSI–xPT–PMN ceramics were of pure perovskite phase, and the MPB between the rhombohedral and tetragonal phases located at x = 0.58, which are also confirmed by their compositional dependence piezoelectric and electromechanical properties. The piezoelectric properties were enhanced significantly by the introduction of a small amount of PMN, and the piezoelectric constant d 33 is doubled that of the binary Bi(Sc3/4In1/4)O3–PbTiO3 system. The optimal piezoelectric properties were obtained for the MPB composition 0.40BSI–0.58PT–0.02PMN, which exhibits a piezoelectric constant d 33 of 403 pC/N, planar electromechanical coupling factor k p of 47.2 %, remnant polarization P r of 36.4 µC/cm2, and Curie temperature T c of 421 °C. Additionally, the BSI–xPT–PMN systems reduce the content of Sc2O3 in comparison with the BS–PT systems. The enhanced piezoelectric performance, together with the good thermal stabilities, makes the BSI–xPT–PMN ceramics promising candidates for high temperature piezoelectric applications.


Piezoelectric Property Morphotropic Phase Boundary Remnant Polarization Sc2O3 Diffuse Phase Transition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under the Grant Nos. 51132001 and 50902087, the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province of China under the Grant Nos. ZR2012EMQ005 and ZR2014EMM012, and a foundation under the Grant No. 2015JMRH0103.


  1. 1.
    B. Jaffe, R.S. Roth, S. Marzullo, J. Appl. Phys. 25, 809 (1954)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    F. Zhu, J. Qiu, H. Ji, K. Zhu, K. Wen, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 26, 2897 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. Guo, L.E. Cross, S.E. Park, B. Noheda, D.E. Cox, G. Shirane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5423 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    T.-L. Zhao, J. Chen, C.-M. Wang, Y. Yu, S. Dong, J. Appl. Phys. 114, 027014 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. Zheng, Y. Hou, S. Wang, C. Duan, M. Zhu, H. Yan, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 96, 2486 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    B. Jaffe, W.R.J. Cook, H. Jaffe, Piezoelectric Ceramics (Academic, London, 1971)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. Tang, M.F. Zhang, S.J. Zhang, Y.J. Feng, F. Li, T.R. Shrout, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 33, 2491 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. Kumar, S.K. Mishra, V. Verma, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 26, 2769 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    R.E. Eitel, C.A. Randall, T.R. Shrout, P.W. Rehrig, W. Hackenberger, S.E. Park, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, 5999 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    R.E. Eitel, C.A. Randall, T.R. Shrout, S.E. Park, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 2099 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Z. Hu, J. Chen, M. Li, X. Li, G. Liu, S. Dong, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 064102 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Z. Yao, H. Liu, Y. Liu, Z. Wu, M. Cao, H. Hao, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 142905 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Q. Zhang, Z.R. Li, Z. Xu, X. Yao, Ferroelectrics 408, 91 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. Zhang, C. Stringer, R. Xia, S.-M. Choi, C.A. Randall, T.R. Shrout, J. Appl. Phys. 98, 034103 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    H. Kang, J. Chen, L. Liu, L. Fang, X. Xing, Mater. Res. Bull. 48, 2006 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Y. Zhao, Y.H. Jiang, J.G. Zhu, Phys. Status Solidi A Appl. Mater. Sci. 207, 199 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Q. Zhang, Z.R. Li, L.H. Li, Z. Xu, X. Yao, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 22, 1490 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Q. Zhang, Z.R. Li, N. Zhang, Z. Xu, J. Mater. Sci. 47, 696 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    C.J. Stringer, N.J. Donnelly, T.R. Shrout, C.A. Randall, E.F. Alberta, W.S. Hackenberger, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 91, 1781 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    J. Chen, T. Zhao, J. Cheng, S. Dong, J. Appl. Phys. 113, 144102 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    K. Wen, J. Qiu, H. Ji, K. Zhu, J. Liu, J. Wang, J. Du, F. Zhu, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 25, 3003 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    C. He, Z. Wang, X. Li, Y. Liu, D. Shen, T. Li, J. Long, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 45, 105305 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    D.W. Wang, M.S. Cao, S.J. Zhang, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 94, 3690 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    J. Wu, Y. Chang, B. Yang, S. Zhang, Y. Sun, F. Guo, W. Cao, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 26, 1874 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Y. Saito, H. Takao, T. Tani, T. Nonoyama, K. Takatori, T. Homma, T. Nagaya, M. Nakamura, Nature 432, 84 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Z.H. Yao, H.X. Liu, M.H. Cao, H. Hao, J. Alloys Compd. 505, 281 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    S. Zhang, E.F. Alberta, R.E. Eitel, C.A. Randall, T.R. Shrout, IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 52, 2131 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    C.A. Randall, N. Kim, J.-P. Kucera, W. Cao, T.R. Shrout, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 81, 677 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    S.-E. Park, T.R. Shrout, J. Appl. Phys. 82, 1804 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Physics, State Key Laboratory of Crystal MaterialsShandong UniversityJinanPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and Engineering, College of EngineeringPeking UniversityBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.School of Materials Science and EngineeringShanghai UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations