Structural and electrical properties of Bi2La3Ti3FeO15 ceramics

  • Aparajita Mohapatra
  • Piyush R. Das
  • R. N. P. Choudhary


The polycrystalline sample of Bi2La3Ti3FeO15was synthesized using a solid-state reaction technique. The formation, basic crystal data and crystalline nature of the compound have been determined by an X-ray diffraction technique at room temperature. Some characteristics (i.e., distribution, size and shape of grains, etc.) of surface microstructure of a pellet (obtained at room temperature using scanning electron microscopy) exhibit the formation of high-density sample. Dielectric and Complex impedance spectroscopy method was used to study electrical characteristics of the material. The material was found to have temperature dependence of electrical relaxation phenomena. Impedance measurements carried out in a wide temperature (30–500 °C) and frequency (1–1000 kHz) ranges have provided many new and interesting results. The ac conductivity studied in the above ranges is found to obey Jonscher’s universal power law. The results of the conduction mechanism of the sample has been analysed in terms of resistive and capacitive components of complex plane formalism and suitable equivalent circuits have been proposed for different regions.


BiFeO3 Relative Dielectric Constant Negative Temperature Coefficient Multiferroic Material Orthorhombic Crystal Structure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    W.S. Kim, T.H. Kim, E.S. Kim, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 82, 2111 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    W. Eerenstein, N.D. Mathur, J.F. Scott, Nature 442, 759 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    N.A. Spaldin, M. Fiebig, Science 309, 391 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    R.E. Newnham, R.W. Wole, J.F. Dorrian, Mater. Res. Bull. 6, 1029 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    W. Eerenstein, N.D. Mathur, J.F. Scott, Multiferroic Magnetoelectr. Mater. Nat. (London) 442, 759 (2006)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    N.A. Hill, J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 6694 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. Fiebig, J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 38, 123 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    B. Yu, M. Li, J. Liu, D. Guo, L. Pei, X. Zhao, J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41, 065003 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    P.C. Sati, M. Arora, S. Chauhan, S. Chhoker, M. Kumar, J. Appl. Phys. 112, 094102 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    N.K. Verma, G.S. Lotey, J. Nanopart. Res. 14, 742 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    D. Maurya, H. Thota, A. Garg, B. Pandey, H.C. Verma, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21, 026007 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    S. Zhang, L. Wang, Y. Chen, D. Wang, Y. Yao, Y. Ma, J. Appl. Phys. 111, 074105 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    R.Z. Hou, X.M. Chen, J. Electroceram. 10, 203 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    S.K. Patri, R.N.P. Choudhary, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 19, 1240 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    X.Y. Mao, W. Wang, X.B. Chen, Solid State Commun. 147, 186 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    H.K. Jo, S.S. Kim, D. Do, J. Solgel Sci. Technol. 49, 336 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. Mohapatra, P.R. Das, R.N.P. Choudhary, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 25, 1348 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    H. Zhao, H. Kimura, Z. Cheng, M. Osada, J. Wang, X. Wang, S. Dou, Y. Liu, J. Yu, T. Matsumoto, T. Tohei, N. Shibata, Y. Ikuhara, Sci. Rep. 4, 5255 (2014)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    X.Q. Chen, X.B. Zeng, F.L. Yang, X.P. Kong, C. Wei, P. Su, Adv. Mater. 668, 762 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    E.W. Powd, An interactive Powder diffraction data interpretation and indexing Program, Ver 2.1, School of Physical Science, Finders University of South Australia, Bedford Park, S.A. 5042, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    P.H. Borse, S.S. Yoon, J.S. Jang, J.S. Lee, T.E. Hong, E.D. Jeong, M.S. Won, O.S. Jung, Y.B. Shim, H.G. Kim, Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 30, 3011 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    M.G. Guaderrama, G.G.C. Arizaga, A. Durán, Ceram. Int. 40, 7459 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    C.H. Hervoches et al., J. Solid Sate Chem. 164, 280 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    H.B. Yang, H. Wang, L. He et al., J. Appl. Phys. 108, 074105 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    J.R. Macdonald, Impedance Spectroscopy (Wiley, New York, 1987)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    S. Pattanayak, R.N.P. Choudhary, P.R. Das, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 24, 2767 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    K. Lily, K. Kumari, R.N.P. Choudhary, K. Prasad, J. Alloys Compd. 453, 325 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    S. Sen, R.N.P. Choudhary, Mater. Chem. Phys. 87, 256 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    B. Yemu, ZSimpWin, Version 2.00 (Echem Software, AnnArbor, 1999)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    M.A.L. Nobre, S.J. Lanfredi, Appl. Phys. 93, 5557 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    V. Provenzano, L.P. Boesch, V. Volterra, C.T. Moynihan, P.B. Macedo, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 55, 492 (1972)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    H. Jain, C.H. Hsieh, J. Solids Non Cryst 172, 1408 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    P.S. Das, P.K. Chakraborty, B. Behera, R.N.P. Choudhary, Phys. B 98, 39 (2007)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    I.M. Hodge, M.D. Ingram, A.R. West, J. Electroanal. Chem. Interfacial Electrochem. 58, 429 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    P.B. Macedo, C.T. Moynihan, R. Bose, Phys. Chem. Glasses 13, 171 (1972)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    R.N.P. Choudhary, D.K. Pradhan, C.M. Tirado, G.E. Bonilla, R.S. Khatiyar, J. Mater. Sci. 42, 7423 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    J.R. Macdonald, Solid State Ionics 13, 147 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    S.K. Patri, R.N.P. Choudhary, J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 19, 1240 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    S. Pattanayak, B.N. Parida, P.R. Das, R.N.P. Choudhary, Appl. Phys. A 112, 387 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    M.A.L. Nobre, S. Lanfredi, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 5557 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    D.K. Pradhan, R.N.P. Choudhary, C. Rinaldi, R.S. Katiyar, J. Appl. Phys. 106, 024102 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    A.K. Jonscher, Nature 267, 673 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    C.K. Suman, K. Prasad, R.N.P. Choudhary, J. Mater. Sci. 41, 369 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    K. Funke, Solid State Chem. 22, 111 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aparajita Mohapatra
    • 1
  • Piyush R. Das
    • 2
  • R. N. P. Choudhary
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physics, Institute of Technical Education and ResearchSiksha ‘O’ Anusandhan UniversityBhubanewarIndia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsVSS University of TechnologyBurla, SambalpurIndia

Personalised recommendations