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Multiferroic Eu doped BiFeO3 microparticle polymer composites as materials for laser induced gratings

  • T. El Bahraoui
  • M. Taibi
  • A. M. El-Naggar
  • T. Slimani Tlemçani
  • A. A. Albassam
  • M. Abd-Lefdil
  • I. V. Kityk
  • N. S. AlZayed
  • A. O. Fedorchuk
Article

Abstract

The photoinduced grating for polymer embedded micropowders of Bi1−x Eu x FeO3 (BEFO) with \( {\text{x}} = 0, \, 0.05, \, 0.10{\text{ and }}0.20 \) synthesized by sol–gel method were studied. The illumination by the laser has lead to occurrence of micro-grating with period varying from 50 up to several hundred micrometers. The maximal grating frequency was observed for the treatment by lasers at wavelength 1540 nm formed by Er:glass 12 ns lasers. The incident polarized laser light was split on two and was incident on the samples under the angle up to 40°. Optimal parameters were obtained for the samples with x = 0.15. The possible mechanisms of the observed micro-gratings are discussed.

Keywords

BiFeO3 Laser Power Density Composite Thickness Grating Frequency Polyvinyl Alcohol Film 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The project was financially supported by King Saud University, Vice Deanship of research chairs.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. El Bahraoui
    • 2
  • M. Taibi
    • 3
  • A. M. El-Naggar
    • 4
    • 5
  • T. Slimani Tlemçani
    • 2
  • A. A. Albassam
    • 4
  • M. Abd-Lefdil
    • 2
  • I. V. Kityk
    • 6
  • N. S. AlZayed
    • 4
  • A. O. Fedorchuk
    • 1
  1. 1.Lviv University of BiotechnologyLvivUkraine
  2. 2.Materials Physics LaboratoryUniversity of Mohammed VRabatMorocco
  3. 3.Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie des Matériaux Inorganiques et Organiques, Ecole Normale Supérieure Rabat-MoroccoUniversity of Mohammed VRabatMorocco
  4. 4.Research Chair of Exploitation of Renewable Energy Applications in Saudi Arabia, Physics and Astronomy Department, College of ScienceKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  5. 5.Physics Department, Faculty of ScienceAin Shams UniversityCairoEgypt
  6. 6.Faculty of Electrical EngineeringCzestochowa University TechnologyCzestochowaPoland

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